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Tattvartha Sutra: 10 Moksha - The Liberation

Published: 09.08.2017

Now we come to the last Adhyāy of Tattvartha Sutra. Jeev, Ajeev, Punya, Pap, Āsrav, Samvar, Bandha, Nirjarā and Moksha are the nine fundamentals of Jainism. They are collectively known as Navtattva. As stated in the first chapter Tattvartha Sutra covers Punya and Pāp within Asrav. As such it specifies only seven fundamentals. Of these, we have completed the consideration of six. Now we have to consider Moksha (liberation), which is also known as Mukti, Siddhī etc.

As pointed out earlier, liberation is the ultimate objective of all the Aryan religions. But Jainism lays greater emphasis on it. It states very emphatically that the worldly soul has been wandering since the infinity on account of the ignorance of its true nature and would still continue to wander till it attains liberation. After describing the conscious soul and the lifeless matters in the first five chapters, the author explains in chapter 6 to 8 how the soul interacts with Pudgal (tangible lifeless matter) and acquires Karma. The ninth chapter shows how it can be free from that and gain Karmaless state. That very state is termed as liberation.

Sources
Title: Tattvartha Sutra
Translation:
Manu Doshi
Commentary:
Manu Doshi
Publisher:
Federation of Jain Associations in North America & Shrut Ratnakar
Edition:
2007
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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ajeev
  2. Bandha
  3. Jainism
  4. Jeev
  5. Karma
  6. Moksha
  7. Mukti
  8. Navtattva
  9. Nirjarā
  10. Pap
  11. Pudgal
  12. Punya
  13. Samvar
  14. Soul
  15. Sutra
  16. Tattvartha Sutra
  17. Āsrav
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