Tattvartha Sutra: 01.09-12

Published: 14.03.2017
Updated: 17.03.2017

01.09 Matishriitāvadhimanahparyāykevalani Jnanam

Audio:
Sanskrit:
मतिश्रुताऽवधिमन:पर्यायकेवलानि ज्ञानम् ।
Hindi: मति, श्रुत अवधि, मन:पर्याय और केवल - ये पांच ज्ञान हैं।

 

01.10 Tat Pramāne

Audio:
Sanskrit:
तत् प्रमाणे ।
Hindi:
वह अर्थात पांचो प्रकार का ज्ञान दो प्रमाणरूप है। । 

 

01.11 Ādye Paroksham

Audio:
Sanskrit:
आद्ये परोक्षम् ।
Hindi:
प्रथम दो ज्ञान परोक्ष प्रमाण है । 

01.12 Pratyakshamanyat

Audio:
Sanskrit:
प्रत्यक्षमन्यत् ।
Hindi:
वह अर्थात पांचो प्रकार का ज्ञान दो प्रमाणरूप है। प्रथम दो ज्ञान परोक्ष प्रमाण है। शेष सब (तीन) ज्ञान प्रत्यक्ष प्रमाण है ।

01.09 - 01.12

English:
Intellectual knowledge, scriptural knowledge, clairvoyance, mind-reading capability and omniscience are five types of knowledge. They can be classified in two categories. The first two types are indirect, the remaining are direct.

These sutras stipulate the types of knowledge. Matijnān (intellectual knowledge), Shrutjnān (scriptural knowledge, Avadhijnān (clairvoyance or extra-sensory knowledge), Manahparyāyjnān (mind reading capability) and Kevaljnān (omniscience) are the five types. Matijnān and Shrutjnān are gained by resorting to intelligence, rationale, books, teaching etc., which are external factors. They relate to sensory perception and are therefore termed as indirect. The remaining three arise by virtue of internal purity and are therefore termed as direct.

Sources
Title: Tattvartha Sutra
Translation:
Manu Doshi
Commentary:
Manu Doshi
Publisher:
Federation of Jain Associations in North America & Shrut Ratnakar
Edition:
2007
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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Clairvoyance
  2. Mind Reading
  3. Sanskrit
  4. ज्ञान
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