Tattvartha Sutra: 02.23-25

Published: 01.04.2017
Updated: 01.04.2017

02.23 Vāyvantānamekam

Audio:
Sanskrit:

वाय्वन्तानामेकम् ।

Hindi:

वायुकाय तक के जीवों के एक इन्द्रिय होती है ।

02.24 Krmipipilikābh ramarman ushyād ināmekaikavrud-dhāni

Audio:
Sanskrit:

कृमि-पिपीलिका-भ्रमरमनुष्यादीनामेकैकवृद्धानि ।

Hindi:

कृमि(कीड़ा-लट), चींटी, भ्रमर, मनुष्य में क्रम से एक एक इन्द्रिय अधिक होती है ।

02.25 Sanjninah Samanaskāh

Audio:
Sanskrit:

संज्ञिन: समनस्का:।

Hindi:

संज्ञी मन वाले होते है ।

02.23-25

English: Those up to gaseous state are one-sensed beings, those like earth worms, ants, bees and humans have increasingly one additional sense; those with mind are intellectual beings.
Depending upon the number of sense organs, living beings are divided in the following five categories.
    1. One-sensed beings:
      There are five types of one-sensed beings. Shells, corals, etc. are earthly beings; snow, hail, waves etc. are aqueous beings; fire, lamp, lightening etc. are lustrous beings; wind, tornado etc. are gaseous beings; trees, plants, bushes etc. are vegetable beings. All of them have only the sense of touch.
    2. Two-sensed beings:
      Earth worms, leaches etc. have the sense of touch as well as of taste and are therefore termed as two-sensed beings.
    3. Three-sensed beings:
      Ants, bugs etc. have the senses of touch, taste as well as odor and are therefore termed as three-sensed beings.
    4. Four-sensed beings:
      Flies, bees, mosquitoes etc. have the senses of touch, taste, odor as well as sight and are therefore termed as four-sensed beings.
    5. Five-sensed beings:
      All other living beings, including birds, beasts, humans, heavenly and infernal beings, have five senses and are therefore termed as five-sensed beings. Most of them also have the mental capability, which is an intangible sense.

Sources
Title: Tattvartha Sutra
Translation:
Manu Doshi
Commentary:
Manu Doshi
Publisher:
Federation of Jain Associations in North America & Shrut Ratnakar
Edition:
2007
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