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Tattvartha Sutra: 02.15-22

Published: 30.03.2017

02.15 Panchendriyāni

Audio:
Sanskrit:

पंचेन्द्रियाणि ।

Hindi:

इन्द्रियां पांच है ।

02.16 Dwividhāni

Audio:
Sanskrit:

द्विविधानी ।

Hindi:

प्रत्येक इन्द्रिय 2 / 2 प्रकार की है! 1) द्रव्येन्द्रिय 2) भावेंद्रिय

02.17 Nirvrttyupakarane Dravyendriyam

Audio:
Sanskrit:

निवृत्युपकरणे द्रव्येन्द्रियम् ।

Hindi:

द्रव्येन्द्रिय के दो भेद है - 1. निवृति और 2. उपकरण

02.18 Labdhyupayogau Bhāvendriyam

Audio:
Sanskrit:

लब्द्युपयोगौ भावेन्द्रियम् ।

Hindi:

भावेन्द्रिय के 2 भेद है - लब्धि और उपयोग ।

02.19 Upayogah Sparshādishu

Audio:
Sanskrit:

उपयोग: स्पर्शादिषु ।

Hindi:

उपयोग स्पर्श आदि विषयों में होता है ।

02.20 Sparshanrasanghrānchakshuhshrotrāni

Audio:
Sanskrit:

स्पर्शनरसनघ्राणचक्षु:श्रोत्राणि ।

Hindi:

स्पर्शन, रसना, घ्राण, चक्षु और श्रोत्र ये पांच इन्द्रियां है।

02.21 Sparshrasgandhvarnashabdāsteshāmarthāh

Audio:
Sanskrit:

स्पर्शरसगन्धवर्णशब्दास्तेषा मर्था: 2/21

Hindi:

पांच इंद्रियों के पांच विषय है-स्पर्श, रस, गन्ध, वर्ण और शब्द ।

02.22 Shrutamanīndriyasya

Audio:
Sanskrit:

श्रुतमनिन्द्रियस्य!! 2/22

Hindi:

श्रुत (भावश्रुत) मन का विषय है ।
श्रुत शब्द यहाँ केवल सुनने के लिए प्रयुक्त नहीं हुआ है! सुनना काम तो श्रोत्र इन्द्रिय का है।

02.15-22

English:
There are five sense organs. They are of two types each, material and modal. Material organs have physical shapes and are the means for acquiring knowledge. Modal organs have the knowing capability related to one's level of accomplishment. They know by application of that capability in senses of touch, taste etc. Skin, tongue nose,, eyes and ears are five sense organs. Touch, taste, odor, sight and sound are the objects of those senses. Mind is an internal organ; its jurisdiction prevails in the realm of scriptures.

Skin, tongue, nose, eyes and ears are the five sense organs. They are physical and are therefore termed as Dravyendriya. They are the means of acquiring knowledge, while the capability to know rests within. That is termed as Bhāvendriya (modal organ), its capacity to know depends upon the extent to which the defiling Karmas are overcome. That capability is exercised by applying it to the objects of physical senses, viz. touch, taste, odor, sight and sound. Their jurisdiction prevails in the realm of intellect. Moreover there is the mind, which is an internal organ. Its capability prevails in intellectual as well as scriptural realm. Since it relates more to the latter, it is said here that the scriptural realm constitutes the jurisdiction of mind.

Sources
Title: Tattvartha Sutra
Translation:
Manu Doshi
Commentary:
Manu Doshi
Publisher:
Federation of Jain Associations in North America & Shrut Ratnakar
Edition:
2007
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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Bhāvendriya
  2. Dravyendriya
  3. Karmas
  4. Sanskrit
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