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Tattvartha Sutra: 08.15-21

Published: 11.07.2017

08.15 Āditastisrnāmantarāyasya Cha Trinshatsāgarop-amkotīkotyah Para Sthitih

Audio:
Sanskrit:

आदितस्तिसृणामंतरायस्य च त्रिंशत्सागरोपमकोटीकोटयः।

Hindi:

प्रथम तीन कर्म ज्ञानावरणीय, दर्शनावरणीय, वेदनीय तथा अंतराय इन चार कर्मो की स्थिति तीस कोटा कोटि सागरोपम की है।

 

08.16 Saptatirmohaniyasya

Audio:
Sanskrit:

सप्ततिर्मोहनीयस्य।

Hindi:

मोहनीय कर्म की उत्कृष्ट स्थिति 70 कोटाकोटी सागरोपम की है।

08.17 Nāmgotrayorvinshatih

Audio:
Sanskrit:

नामगोत्रयोविंशतिः।

Hindi:

नाम और गोत्र कर्म की उत्कृष्ट स्थिति 20 कोटाकोटी सागरोपम की है।

08.18 Trayastrinshatsāgaropamānyāyushkasya

Audio:
Sanskrit:

त्रयस्त्रिंशत्सागरोपमाण्यायुष्कस्य।

Hindi:

आयुष्य कर्म की उत्कृष्ट स्थिति 33 सागरोपम है।

08.19 Aparā Dwādashmuhurtā Vedaniyasya08.15 Āditastisrnāmantarāyasya Cha Trinshatsāgarop-amkotīkotyah Para Sthitih

Audio:
Sanskrit:

अपरा द्वादशमूहूर्ता वेदनीयस्य।

Hindi:

वेदनीय की जघन्य स्थिति 12 मुहूर्त की है।

08.20 Nāmgotrayorashtau

Audio:
Sanskrit:

नामगोत्रयोरष्टौ।

Hindi:

नाम और गोत्र कर्म की जघन्य स्थिति 8 मुहूर्त की है।

08.21 Sheshānāmantarmuhurtam

Audio:
Sanskrit:

शेषाणामन्तर्मुहूर्तम्।

Hindi:

शेष 5 कर्मो की जघन्य स्थिति अन्तर्मुहूर्त होती है।

08.15-21

English:

The maximum duration of Jnānāvaraniya, Darshanāv-araniya, Vedaniya and Anīarāy Karmas is 3000 trillion Sāgaropams, that of Mohaniya 7000 trillion Sāgaropams, that of Nam and Gotra 2000 trillion Sāgaropams; and that of age span 33 Sāgaropams. The minimum duration of Vedaniya Karma is 9 hours and 36 minutes and that of Nam and Gotra 6 hours and 24 minutes; the rest is less than 48 minutes.

These sutras define the maximum and the minimum duration of the main types of Karma. The maximum duration is inconceivably long. It cannot be expressed in any known measurement. Jainism therefore uses a measurement known as Sāgaropam, which literally means comparable to the ocean. The maximum duration of knowledge-obscuring, perception-obscuring, vedaniya and obstructing Karma is 3000 trillion Sāgaropams. That of deluding Karma is 7000 trillion Sāgaropams. That of physique and status determining Karma is 2000 trillion Sāgaropams and that of age span is 33 Sāgaropams. These maximum limits apply to the fully developed five-sensed living beings that stick to the wrong beliefs.

The minimum duration is given in terms of Muhurt, which is equivalent to 48 minutes. It is stated that the minimum duration of the vedaniya Karma is twelve Muhurts, i.e. 9 hours and 36 minutes; that of physique and status determining Karma is eight Muhurts, i.e. 6 hours and 24 minutes; while those of the remaining Karmas are less than 48 minutes. The actual duration of a Karma may range anywhere between the maximum and minimum. Except for the age span determining Karma, the minimum duration applies to those in the higher states belonging to the 9th and 10,h stage of elevation. In the case of age span Karma the minimum applies to human and sub-human beings.

Sources
Title: Tattvartha Sutra
Translation:
Manu Doshi
Commentary:
Manu Doshi
Publisher:
Federation of Jain Associations in North America & Shrut Ratnakar
Edition:
2007
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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Gotra
  2. Jainism
  3. Karma
  4. Karmas
  5. Mohaniya
  6. Para
  7. Sanskrit
  8. Vedaniya
  9. Vedaniya Karma
  10. कोटा
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