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Acharanga Bhasyam: Sūtras 118-120 : The World

Published: 27.10.2010
Updated: 02.07.2015

1.118 se bemi - saṃtime tasā pāṇā, taṃ jahā - aṃḍayā poyayā jarāuyā rasayā saṃseyayā saṃcchimā ubbhiyā ovavāiyā.

Thus I Say:

There are mobile beings such as those born

  1. Out of eggs
  2. Out of foetus (born complete)
  3. Out of foetus with amnion (or the chorion, an enveloping membrane)
  4. Out of fluids
  5. Out of sweat
  6. By coagulation
  7. By sprouting from the earth
  8. Spontaneously

Bhāṣsyaṃ Sūtra 118

In the present sūtra, the forms of mobile beings are brought together. The mobile creatures are of three types, namely -

  1. born of coagulation (invertebrate)
  2. born of womb (vertebrate) and
  3. born spontaneously (and accomplished).

Coagulation means birth without being foetus in the womb. In such birth, the body is made of food accepted from nature. Among those born of coagulation are those who are born out of fluid, born out of sweat, and born by sprouting from the earth.

Creatures born of womb: Creatures born in placenta (viviparous). They include the creatures born out of egg (oviparous), born out of foetus, and born out of foetus with amnion.

Spontaneous: Those born with a protean body. The beings that have protean body are called spontaneously born. They are the denizens of heaven and hell.

1.119 esa saṃsāretti pavuccati.

1.120 maṃdassa aviyāṇao.

(119,120) The world of mobile beings is known as the world of motion even to the dullard and the ignorant person.

Bhāṣsyaṃ Sūtras 119,120

It is only the mobile beings that can move and therefore the world comprising them is called the world of motion, saṃsāra.

The dullard and the ignorant are well acquainted with this saṃsāra as they have no doubt about it. But they are quite ignorant of the subtle world of one-sensed beings as a part of saṃsāra. They do not know about the pleasure and pain in the world of immobile beings which is too subtle to be believed by them.


Jain Vishwa Bharati

Ladnun- 341 306 (Raj.) India © Jain Vishva Bharti

ISBNS 1-7195-74-4

First Edition:2001

Courtesy :
Shree Chhotulal Sethia Charitable Trust Sethia House, 23/24,
Radha Bazar Street, Kolkata-700 001 (INDIA)

Printed by:
Shree Vardhaman Press
Delhi (INDIA)

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  1. Body
  2. Protean Body
  3. Saṃsāra
  4. Sūtra
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