The Enigma Of The Universe ► Appendices ► Appendix II ► Time-Units In Jain Philosophy ► Table of Units of Countable Time

Posted: 20.03.2015

1 Samaya = smallest (ultimate indivisible) unit of time Jaghanya-Yukta-Asaṃkhyāta samayas = 1 āvalikā

4446  2422/3773

 

Āvalikās

=

1 Prāṇa

7

 

Prāṇas

=

1 Stoka

7

 

Stokas

=

1 Lava

38½

 

Lavas

=

1 Ghaḍī (Ghaḍikā)

2

 

Ghaḍīs

=

1 Muhūrta (48 minutes)

30

 

Muhūrtas

=

1 Ahorātra (one day and night)

30

 

Ahorātras

=

1 Māsa (one month)

12

 

Māsas

=

1 Varṣa (one year)

8400000

 

Varṣas

=

1 Pūrvāṅga

"

 

Pūrvāṅgas

=

1 Pūrva

"

 

Pūrvas Āvalikās

=

1 Truṭitāṭga

"

 

Truṭitāṭgas

=

1 Truṭita

"

 

Truṭitas

=

1 Aḍaḍāṅga

"

 

Aḍaḍāṅgas

=

1 Aḍaḍa

"

 

Aḍaḍas

=

1 Avavāṅga

"

 

Avavāṅgas

=

1 Avava

"

 

Avavas

=

1 Hūhūkāṅga

"

 

Hūhūkāṅgas

=

1 Hūhūka

8400000

 

Hūhūkas

=

1 Utpalāṅga

"

 

Utpalāṅgas

=

1 Utpala

"

 

Utpalas

=

1 Padmāṅga

"

 

Padmāṅgas

=

1 Padma

"

 

Padmas

=

1 Nalināṅga

"

 

Nalināṅgas

=

1 Nalina

"

 

Nalinas

=

1 Arthanipurāṅga

"

 

Arthanipurāṅgas

=

1 Arthanipura

"

 

Arthanipuras

=

1 Ayutāṅga

"

 

Ayutāṅgas

=

1 Ayutas

"

 

Ayutas

=

1 Prayutāṅga

"

 

Prayutāṅgas

=

1 Prayuta

"

 

Prayutas

=

1  Nayutāṅga

"

 

Nayutāṅgas

=

1 Nayuta

"

 

Nayutas

=

1 Cūlikāṅga

"

 

Cūlikāṅgas

=

1 Cūlikā

"

 

Cūlikās

=

1 Śīrṣaprahelikāṇga

"

 

Śīrṣaprahelikāṇgas

=

1 Śīrṣaprahelikā

This table is based on the Śvetāmbara tradition.[1] In the Digambara tradition, however, there is difference in the units, greater than year.[2]They are given as follows:

8400000

 

Varṣas

=

1 Pūrvāṅga

8400000

 

Pūrvāṅgas

=

1 Pūrva

84

 

Pūrvas

=

1 Parvāṅga[3]

8400000

 

Pūrvāṅgas

=

1 Parvā

84

 

Parvas

=

1 Nayutāṅga[4]

8400000

 

Nayutāṅgas

=

1 Nayuta

84

 

Nayutas

=

1 Kumudāṅga

8400000

 

Kumudāṅgas

=

1 Kumuda

84

 

Kumudas

=

1 Padmāṅga

8400000

 

Padmāṅgas

=

1 Padma

84

 

Padmas

=

1 Nalināṅga

8400000

 

Nalināṅgas

=

1 Nalina

84

 

Nalinas

=

1 Kamalāṅga

8400000

 

Kamalāṅgas

=

1 Kamala

84

 

Kamalas

=

1 Truṭitāṭga

8400000

 

Truṭitāṭgas

=

1 Truṭita

84

 

Truṭitas

=

1 Aḍaḍāṅga

8400000

 

Aḍaḍāṅgas

=

1 Aḍaḍa

84

 

Aḍaḍas

=

1 Amamāṅga

8400000

 

Amamāṅgas

=

1 Amama

84

 

Amamas

=

1 Hāhāṅga

8400000

 

Hāhāṅgas

=

1 Hāhā

84

 

Hāhās

=

1 Hūhāṅga

8400000

 

Hūhāṅgas

=

1 Hūhū

84

 

Hūhūs

=

1 Latāṅga

8400000

 

Latāṅgas

=

1 Latā

84

 

Latās

=

1 Mahālatāṅga

8400000

 

Mahālatāṅgas

=

1 Mahālatā

8400000

 

Mahālatās

=

1 Śrīkalpa[5]

8400000

 

Śrīkalpas

=

1 Hasta-prahelita

8400000

 

Hasta-prahelitas

=

1 Acalātma

According the Śvetāmbara tradition, highest unit of countable time is Śīrṣaprahelikā, whose value is[6]:

(8400000)28 = (8428 x 10140) years.

According to the Digambara tradition, highest unit of countable time is acalātma, whose value is:

(8431 x 1090) years.

Footnotes:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
Share this page on: