Posted: 25.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
The foundation of philosophical outlook is the concept of rebirth. There are four pillars of the concept of rebirth. Belief in soul Belief in the system of universe Belief in karma 4.Belief in kriyā (action) Lord Mahavira was a strong believer in the existence of soul. He emphasized on direct experience. He was aware of the fact that logically established statements can be refuted or contradicted by counter...
Posted: 24.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
The idea of rebirth has always remained a matter of reflection in philosophy. Modern science is also pondering over this subject. Generally, the matter has four states viz. solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Scientist V.S. Grischenco of Soviet Union has discovered a fifth state of substance i.e. Bio plasma, protoplasm. According to Grischenco, 'Bioplasma contains free electrons and protons, which have no relation...
Posted: 23.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
Western thinkers have given a good thought over the concept of rebirth. According to the great philosopher of ancient Greek, Pythagoras, souls following the sainthood go to the higher states of being and evil souls descend down to the lower categories or states of life.' Socrates believed that death is a dreamless sleep and rebirth is a door to perception of the awakened world. Plato had also accepted concept...
Posted: 22.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
The philosophy in Upaniṣads has accepted the existence of rebirth. An aphorism of Upaniṣad states that- 'sasyamiva pacyate mṛtyuḥ, sasyamiva jāyate punaḥ.' [Living beings are repeatedly born and expire like the crops in the field.] Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan has said, 'the belief in rebirth exists at least from the time of Upani ṣ ads. This is a naturally developed...
Posted: 21.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
There are few beliefs in the context of existence of soul and rebirth in the philosophical world Soul exists, but there is no rebirth. Rebirth exists, but there is no existence of soul. Soul and rebirth, both are non-existents. Soul and rebirth, both exist. Christianity and Islam religion believe in the existence of soul, but, they do not affirm the chain of rebirth. Buddhists do not believe in the existence of...
Posted: 20.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
According to the Jain philosophy, there are two kinds of karma -physical (dravya) and psychic (bhāva). Psychic karma is indulgence of the soul in attachment and aversion. The karma particles attracted by the actions done with attachment and aversion are physical or corporeal in nature. In Bhagavatī, a question has been raised as to how many colours, smells, tastes and touches are possessed by the...
Posted: 19.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
The Sūtrak ṛ tā ṅ ga Sūtra mentions thirteen actions that cause karmic bondage and liberation. Arthada ṇḍ a (necessary violence), anarthada ṇḍ a (unnecessary violence) and other such first twelve actions are responsible for karmic bondage and the (last) thirteenth action that liberates the beings from karmas, is named as -īryāpathikī...
Posted: 18.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
The Jain philosophy discusses different aspects of the karma theory. Generally, it is believed that as much you experience (pain, hindrance etc) that much of karmas will be shed. This too is a relative statement. There can be all possibilities, such as, more experience of pain but less karmas are eliminated and sometimes, even though the experience of pain is less but more karmas are shed. This fact is found...
Posted: 17.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
Bondage of karmas is a continuous process. Karmas are bound to the mundane souls continuously. According to Jain philosophy, the soul itself is responsible for the possession of karmas (kartā) and for the elimination of karmas (vikartā). Here, it is pertinent to understand the word, vikartā i.e. eliminator of karmas. The soul itself can eliminate the karma through its self-efforts. Lord Mahavira...
Posted: 16.06.2019
By Dr. Samani Mangal Pragya
There are two kinds of Bondage - Iryākpathika (Instantaneous) and Sāmparāyika (Long Term). The bondage which occurs due to physical act only is called an instantaneous bondage, while the bondage caused due to passions is called a long-term bondage. Nature of Īryāpathikī kriyās When the body is in motion, the activities undertaken by the body for motion are called as...

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