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# The Enigma Of The Universe : Table of Units of Countable Time

Published: 20.03.2015
Updated: 02.07.2015

1 Samaya = smallest (ultimate indivisible) unit of time Jaghanya-Yukta-Asaṃkhyāta samayas = 1 āvalikā

 4446  2422/3773 Āvalikās = 1 Prāṇa 7 Prāṇas = 1 Stoka 7 Stokas = 1 Lava 38½ Lavas = 1 Ghaḍī (Ghaḍikā) 2 Ghaḍīs = 1 Muhūrta (48 minutes) 30 Muhūrtas = 1 Ahorātra (one day and night) 30 Ahorātras = 1 Māsa (one month) 12 Māsas = 1 Varṣa (one year) 8400000 Varṣas = 1 Pūrvāṅga " Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Pūrva " Pūrvas Āvalikās = 1 Truṭitāṭga " Truṭitāṭgas = 1 Truṭita " Truṭitas = 1 Aḍaḍāṅga " Aḍaḍāṅgas = 1 Aḍaḍa " Aḍaḍas = 1 Avavāṅga " Avavāṅgas = 1 Avava " Avavas = 1 Hūhūkāṅga " Hūhūkāṅgas = 1 Hūhūka 8400000 Hūhūkas = 1 Utpalāṅga " Utpalāṅgas = 1 Utpala " Utpalas = 1 Padmāṅga " Padmāṅgas = 1 Padma " Padmas = 1 Nalināṅga " Nalināṅgas = 1 Nalina " Nalinas = 1 Arthanipurāṅga " Arthanipurāṅgas = 1 Arthanipura " Arthanipuras = 1 Ayutāṅga " Ayutāṅgas = 1 Ayutas " Ayutas = 1 Prayutāṅga " Prayutāṅgas = 1 Prayuta " Prayutas = 1  Nayutāṅga " Nayutāṅgas = 1 Nayuta " Nayutas = 1 Cūlikāṅga " Cūlikāṅgas = 1 Cūlikā " Cūlikās = 1 Śīrṣaprahelikāṇga " Śīrṣaprahelikāṇgas = 1 Śīrṣaprahelikā

This table is based on the Śvetāmbara tradition.[1] In the Digambara tradition, however, there is difference in the units, greater than year.[2]They are given as follows:

 8400000 Varṣas = 1 Pūrvāṅga 8400000 Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Pūrva 84 Pūrvas = 1 Parvāṅga[3] 8400000 Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Parvā 84 Parvas = 1 Nayutāṅga[4] 8400000 Nayutāṅgas = 1 Nayuta 84 Nayutas = 1 Kumudāṅga 8400000 Kumudāṅgas = 1 Kumuda 84 Kumudas = 1 Padmāṅga 8400000 Padmāṅgas = 1 Padma 84 Padmas = 1 Nalināṅga 8400000 Nalināṅgas = 1 Nalina 84 Nalinas = 1 Kamalāṅga 8400000 Kamalāṅgas = 1 Kamala 84 Kamalas = 1 Truṭitāṭga 8400000 Truṭitāṭgas = 1 Truṭita 84 Truṭitas = 1 Aḍaḍāṅga 8400000 Aḍaḍāṅgas = 1 Aḍaḍa 84 Aḍaḍas = 1 Amamāṅga 8400000 Amamāṅgas = 1 Amama 84 Amamas = 1 Hāhāṅga 8400000 Hāhāṅgas = 1 Hāhā 84 Hāhās = 1 Hūhāṅga 8400000 Hūhāṅgas = 1 Hūhū 84 Hūhūs = 1 Latāṅga 8400000 Latāṅgas = 1 Latā 84 Latās = 1 Mahālatāṅga 8400000 Mahālatāṅgas = 1 Mahālatā 8400000 Mahālatās = 1 Śrīkalpa[5] 8400000 Śrīkalpas = 1 Hasta-prahelita 8400000 Hasta-prahelitas = 1 Acalātma

According the Śvetāmbara tradition, highest unit of countable time is Śīrṣaprahelikā, whose value is[6]:

(8400000)28 = (8428 x 10140) years.

According to the Digambara tradition, highest unit of countable time is acalātma, whose value is:

(8431 x 1090) years.

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Sources
Title: The Enigma Of The Universe Publisher: JVB University Ladnun English Edition: 2010 HN4U Online Edition: 2014