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Glory of Jainism: Bhimji Sanghpati

Published: 05.10.2012


Bhimji Sanghpati

Bhimji Sanghpati was a true devotee, a staunch adherent of truth. King Harishchandra, who is known as the truth-loving king in Indian mythology, was one such man who would uphold truth at any cost. Bhimji was a businessman of Cambay and renowned for his business acumen. He observed scrupulously the vow of refraining from lying. It was the vow of not telling lies about animals and about land. This vow included refraining from misappropriating the deposits, bearing false witness in or out of court, and forging fake documents. The observer of the vow had specifically to bear in mind that if he practised treachery and fraud in business and, under temptation, indulged in boasting and spreading rumours, he put his religion to shame and made it an object of ridicule and mockery. He was not to forget that breach of confidence or trust and giving wrong advice were great sins. In short, he was to understand that the secret of earning wealth was through honesty and morality. And in morality lay one’s own happiness, peace, mental health and also of others’ welfare.

Once Acharya Devendrasuri arrived in Gujarat from Malwa. Bhimji met him and said: “What vow should I observe so that I receive God’s grace?” The Acharya said: “Decide never to tell a lie. Adhere to truth at any cost, and you will be happy.” Bhimji did as bade by the Acharya and vowed to speak the truth always. Once a robber named Pallipati Bhil waylaid him on the bank of the river Mahi and demanded to know how much money he had. Bhimji honestly said: “Four thousand rupees.” Pallipati Bhil hide Bhimji in a secret hideout and demanded a ransom of four thousand rupees for his father’s release. Bhimji’s son sent counterfeit coins to Bhil Pallipati but the robber realised a rat on seeing the coins that they were not genuine. He showed them to Bhimji. Bhimji said that they were not genuine. Pallipati was surprised to hear these words. He thought: “How truthful this man is! He is a captive and will be released only if his son sent genuine coins. But he has the courage to call his son a cheat, and did not lie to secure his release.” Bhimji’s truthfulness struck him deeply and he thought that any harm caused to such a person would be a grievous sin. Then he released him.

In A. D. 1271 Acharya Devendrasuri died in Malwa in Rajasthan. His disciple Vidyanandsuri also died six months thereafter. Bhimji, being a staunch devotee of Devendrasuri, felt sad at the death of his Gurus, and for twelve years he did not eat anything. Those who observed celibacy, the fifth vrat (vow) were given a silk sari and five expensive pieces of clothes by Bhimji. There were four vratas before the birth of Mahavir:

  • non-violence
  • truth
  • non- stealing
  • non-possession.

The religion comprising these four came to be known as the religion of Parshvanath. Mahavir added the fifth vrat i.e. brahmacharya (celibacy) which was given the prime importance. All our woes, he said, could be traced to carnal desires. Bhimji Sanghapati emphasised the importance of restraint and self-control. It should be self-imposed and Sanghapati Bhimji always loved and respected all those who exercised restraint. The Mantri (secretary) of Mandavgadh Pethadshah and his wife Padmini were also given these robes. Thirty-two year old Pethadshah and his wife decided to observe the vow of celibacy and performed pooja wearing the robes given by Bhimji. Bhimji Sanghpati is remembered today for his adherence to truth, supreme devotion to his Gurus and unshakable faith in the vows.

Title: Glory Of Jainism

Ashok Saha and Prathana Saha


Shri Anilbhai Gandhi (Trustee),
Palitana - 364270 (India)

Edition: 1998

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Acharya
  2. Acharya Devendrasuri
  3. Brahmacharya
  4. Celibacy
  5. Gujarat
  6. Mahavir
  7. Malwa
  8. Mantri
  9. Non-violence
  10. Parshvanath
  11. Pooja
  12. Rajasthan
  13. vrat
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