Bhaktambar Stotra: GLOSSARY [M-Z]

Published: 12.12.2019
Updated: 21.12.2019

Manahparyavgyani - one who possess mind reading knowledge
Mantra - sacred syllable having spiritual power
Manu - Progenitor of humanity
Matsyasana - Fish posture
Moksha - The revelling of the soul in its own nature on account of annihilation of all karmas.
Mooladhar - Root chakra (or centre of energy located at the bottom of spine)
Mrityunjaya Mantra - A mantra to overcome death
Mukhkamal - Lotus-like face
Mukhchandra - Moon-like face
Mukhdarpan - Mirror-like face

Naiyayikas - Followers of Nyay philosophy
Naagdamani - A substance which removes the poisonous effect of snakes
Naagkumar - Category of celestial beings resembling snakes
Naya - Non absolutistic standpoint

  • Dravyarthiknaya - Substantial viewpoint, which takes cognizance of only the aspect of permenance of substance
    Nishchaynaya - transcendental viewpoint, a view which accepts the real nature object
  • Paryayarthiknaya - Modal viewpoint, which takes cognizance only of particular mode of substance
  • Vyavaharnaya - Empirical viewpoint, which takes cognizance of the character of substance as it is understood by common people

Nigod - Micro organism; infinite number of soul which have a common body
Nimitta - Auxiliary cause
Nirvana - Liberation, Moksha
Nirvedanee - A kind of tale; the tale which is told with the moral that one should remain detached to the mundane world by depicting the auspicious and in- auspicious fruit in one's life
Niryukti- One of the commentary literatures written on Aagam

Paap - Demerit
Padatisena - Infantry
Parampuman - Supreme personality
Paramavadhigyan - Highest level of clairvoyance
Paramatma - Supreme soul; the soul which is absolutely immaculate
Parinaman - Principle of transformation
Parinami - nityavad - Theory of eternality cum non-eternality
Parmeshwar - Supreme Being
Pralaya-kaal - Destructive phase of the world
Pramad - Non vigilance
Pran Kendra - Centre of vital energy
Pratiharya — The eight divine endowments for teerthankars created by deities appointed by Indra
Preksha - To perceive profoundly
Pudgal-  Physical substance; matter
Purva - Canonical works propounded before the advent of agam
Pudgalastikay - The extended substance in the form of matter
Purushottam - The supreme among all human beings.

Raag - Attachment

  • Drishti raag - Attachment towards one's own principles which is outside Jain principles and not along the path of Veetaraag
  • Kaamraag - Attachment towards materialistic things
  • Snehraag - Attachment towards children, etc.

Raj katha - Conversation related to administration
Raj hasti - King's elephant
Rathsena - Chariot sena
Ras - Essence or flavour, it connotes a concept in Indian ans about the aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work, that evokes an emotion or feeling in the reader or audience

  • Bhakti Ras - the aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work, that evokes an emotion or feeling in the reader or audience related to devotion
  • ShringarRas - he aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work, that evokes an emotion or feeling in the reader or audience related to love
  • Veer Ras - the aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work, that evokes heroic emotion or feeling in the reader or audience
  • ShaantRas - the aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work, that evokes an emotion or feeling of serenity, peace, tranquillity in the reader or audience

Sadhana - Spiritual practice
Sadhu - Ascetic, one who undertakes spiritual practise for attainment of moksha
Sadhvi - Female ascetic
Samadhi mamn - Peaceful death
Samhanan - Bone structure, the structure of the hard part of the body (skeleton)
Samachaturasra - The configuration of the body like a square; all body parts are symmetrical
Samata - Equanimity; a balanced and tranquil state of mind
Samavasaran - The place where teerthankars deliver their sermon
Samvedanee - A kind of tale; that tale, which induces detachment words to mundane life, through presenting the transient nature of life depicting it as full of miseries and the body as full of filthy matter
Samayik - Practise of equanimity; to renounce the sinful activities for 48 minutes
Samskara - Impression, inborn faculty
Samya-yogi -  practitioner of equanimity
Samsar - Transmigration of soul from one birth to another and so on, on account of karmas which are created by the soul itself
Sansthan - Configuration of body; shape of the body formed by structure of organs in the body
Sapta — sandhan - Literary style narrating seven stories simultaneously
Shakti Kendra - Centre of Energy
Shlok - Verse
Shraddha - Faith
Shok - Misery
Shravak - Layman who follows the path propounded by teerthankars
Shravika- Laywoman who follows the path propounded by teerthankars
Shraman - Ascetic
ShuklaLeshya - The purest state of soul
Siddhi -  Specific Power
Simhasan- Superhuman magnificence of the teerthankaras  a throne made of crystal; the teerthankaras delivers the sermons by sitting on it
Stotra - Hymn
Stuti - Eulogy
Stutikar - Composer of hymn
Svadhyay - Studying and teaching of scriptural books

Tama - Darkness
Tantra-  Mystical formula having spiritual power
Tap - Penance
Teerthyatra - Pilgrimage
Teerthankar - One who establishes 'Teerth', i.e., order constituting monks, nuns, laymenandlaywomen
Terapanth - One of the Iain sects which is led by one Acharya
Tilak - Ornamental mark made on forehead
Tratak - Practice of focusing on one point continuously

Upadan - Main cause, Root cause
Upadhyay - The ascetic who has insight in canons, one who teaches canons

Vaidya - Ayurvedic doctor
Vajrarishabhanarach- A strongest type of bone structure in which there is vajra - pin or nail, rishabha— the bondage of the bones, narach— interlocking of bones on both sides which means the end of the two bones are mutually interlocked and the third bone act as a bondage over them and all the three bones are nailed together
Veer - Heroic
Veetarag- That ascetic whose attachment and aversion have been completely annihilated
Vibhu - Potent
Vikshepanee - A type of tale; that tale through which doctrines of Iain ascetics are established
Vyanjana - Suggestive or ironical sense of a word
Vyapti - Universal concomitance; a necessary co-existence of 1/yapak (what pervades) with vyapya (what is pervaded)
Vyangkavya - Ironical type of poetry
Vyavasaysabha - Study-room of Indra; the place where the Indra consult the books for making decisions

Yagya - Sacrifice, one of the main pillars of the vedic ritual system
Yaksha - Demi-god; Celestial disembodied beings who are believed to inhabit secluded places
Yogajvibhuti - Power
Yogvidya - The science of spirituality and yoga
Yojan - A unit of linear measurement;1 yojan = 4 kosha (which is nearly equal to 7.88 miles)
Yugal - A couple or a pair of five sensed human beings, which is born as a twin brother and sister and die also simultaneously


Title:  Bhaktambar Stotra
Author:  Acharya Mahapragna
Publisher:  Adarsh Sahitya Sangh
Digital Publishing: 
Amit Kumar Jain

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  1. Aagam
  2. Acharya
  3. Agam
  4. Ayurvedic
  5. Bhakti
  6. Body
  7. Centre of Energy
  8. Centre of Vital Energy
  9. Chakra
  10. Clairvoyance
  11. Equanimity
  12. Indra
  13. Karmas
  14. Kendra
  15. Manahparyavgyani
  16. Mantra
  17. Manu
  18. Matsyasana
  19. Mind Reading
  20. Moksha
  21. Mooladhar
  22. Mrityunjaya Mantra
  23. Mukhchandra
  24. Mukhdarpan
  25. Mukhkamal
  26. Naagdamani
  27. Naagkumar
  28. Naiyayikas
  29. Naya
  30. Nigod
  31. Nimitta
  32. Nirvana
  33. Nirvedanee
  34. Paap
  35. Padatisena
  36. Paramatma
  37. Paramavadhigyan
  38. Parinaman
  39. Parinami - nityavad
  40. Parmeshwar
  41. Pralaya-kaal
  42. Pramad
  43. Pran
  44. Pran Kendra
  45. Pratiharya
  46. Preksha
  47. Purushottam
  48. Purva
  49. Raag
  50. Raj hasti
  51. Raj katha
  52. Ras
  53. Rathsena
  54. Rishabha
  55. Sadhana
  56. Sadhu
  57. Sadhvi
  58. Samachaturasra
  59. Samadhi
  60. Samata
  61. Samavasaran
  62. Samayik
  63. Samhanan
  64. Samsar
  65. Samskara
  66. Samvedanee
  67. Samya-yogi
  68. Sansthan
  69. Science
  70. Shakti Kendra
  71. Shlok
  72. Shok
  73. Shraddha
  74. Shraman
  75. Shravak
  76. Siddhi
  77. Soul
  78. Stuti
  79. Stutikar
  80. Tama
  81. Tap
  82. Teerthankar
  83. Terapanth
  84. Tilak
  85. Tratak
  86. Upadan
  87. Upadhyay
  88. Vaidya
  89. Vedic
  90. Veer
  91. Veetaraag
  92. Vibhu
  93. Vikshepanee
  94. Vyanjana
  95. Vyapti
  96. Yagya
  97. Yaksha
  98. Yoga
  99. Yojan
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