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Jain Biology: Jīvājīvābhigam Sūtra

Published: 07.10.2009
Updated: 02.07.2015

The treatise in this scripture is quite different from the others. Here the dissertation is rather of a specialized nature. It deals with twenty-three characteristic features of living organisms, describing the association of each feature with different classes of living organisms. The classification itself is conventional and the organisms are dealt with in an ascending order of sequence, as in Uttarādhyayana Sūtra, i.e., starting with the earth-bodied organisms and ending with devas. The sūtras are in prose and in the form of question-answer—Gautama, the chief disciple and gaṇadhara being the querist and Bhagavān Mahāvīra himself giving the answers.

The twenty-three characteristic features are:[1]

1. Number and types of Bodies śarīra
2. Extension in space avagāhanā
3. Physical structure saṃhanana
4. Configuration saṃsthāna
5. Passions kaṣāya
6. Unlearned Instincts saṃjñā
7. Aural colouration leśyā
8. Number of sense-organs indriya
9. Expansion of soul-units (beyond the body) samudghāta
10. Possession of brain saṃjñī-asaṃjñī
11. Sex  veda
12. Number of bio-potentials - paryāpti
13. World-view  dṛṣti
14. Intuition darśana
15. Knowledge   jñāna
16. Activity (of Body, Speech, Mind)   yoga
17. Activity of Consciousness upayoga
18. Appropriation of material objects āhāra
19. Metempsychosis     upapāta
20. Life-span stithi
21. Expansion of soul-units out-side the body Māraṇāntika samudghāta
22. Departure from past life  cyavana
23. Transmigration (to and from) gatyāgata

The Jīvājīvābhigam Sūtra disseminates detailed information about the association of each class of living organisms with the above twenty-three characteristic features.


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Edited by:
Prof. Muni Mahendra Kumar

Ladnun-341 306 (Rajasthan, India)

First Edition: 2008 Printed at: Shree Vardhman Press, Naveen Shahdara, Delhi- 110032

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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Body
  2. Brain
  3. Consciousness
  4. Devas
  5. Gaṇadhara
  6. Mahāvīra
  7. Paryāpti
  8. Samudghāta
  9. Space
  10. Sūtra
  11. Uttarādhyayana
  12. Uttarādhyayana Sūtra
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