An Ahimsa Crisis: You Decide ► Preliminaries ► Meanings of Some Hindi & Prakrit Words Used Here

Posted: 18.07.2016

Acaranga

a Jain holy scripture/book

Ahimsa/Ahiñsa

non-violence

Acharya

the head of an order of monks and nuns

Aatmaa

soul

Anootanbandhi

a severe form of himsa and binding of karmas, nearly permanent, which cannot be altered or erased easily.

Ahimsak

refers to a non-violent person

Ahimsatmak

non-violent

Anekantavada

multiple view points

Asrava

inflow/influx of karmas

Ajiva/ ajiv

a non-living being

Anuvratas

small vows (practical non-violence, truth, non-stealing, limited celibacy and limited possessions)

Aprigraha

limited or non-possessions/non-attachments

Bandh

binding of karmas

Boli or Ghee boli

a practice of bidding to raise funds for holy causes

Bharat Kshetra

refers to India

Bhai

"brother" or a show of respect

Bhagwan

LORD, a perfect being/omniscient

Digambra

a sect of Jainism

Dhanyavaad

"Thank you"

Das Laxan or Das Lakshan

a Jain holy festival of 10 days

Goondas

criminal people or people with bad character

Gotra

a sub-caste

Himsa /hinsa

violence

Himsatmak

violent

Jai Jinendra

a Jain salutation. (meaning "victory to those who have conquered their inner enemies, passions")

Jambu Dweep

part  of Jain  cosmology  (a very large continent). of which India is just one country

Jiva/jiv

living being

Karmas

Deeds, actions

Lathi Charge

beating the crowds with sticks

Milni Muni

a tradition of giving money and presents a monk

Mahavratas

the great vows (non-violence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possessions)

Nirjara

a process of shedding karmas/deeds or destroying /annihilation of karmas

Naan

Indian bread

Pinjrapole or panjrapole

a protected animal shelter/sanctuary

Pooja Pranas

prayers and other rituals life force

Prashad

offering of food or snacks in a temple

Pranatipata

sin of killing or harming

Pravachan

religious discourses/lecture

Paryushana

Jains' holy festival, celebrations of eight days

Pratikraman

a methodical system in Jainism to ask for atonement and forgiveness for all acts of himsa (violence) that have been committed.

Paneer

Indian cheese

Pratima

Jain idols/deity, statues

Prigraha

accumulation of wealth and possessions

Panch Kalyanaks

a Jain celebration to celebrate the five most important events in the life of a Jain tirthankar (LORD)

Papas

bad deeds

Punya

good deeds

Roti

bread

Roomali Roti

Indian bread

Sangh

community

Samvar

stoppage of inflow of karmas

Sadhu

monk

Sadhvi

nun

Samsara

universe

Saman

a category of a male renuniciate

Samani

a category of female renuniciate

Shiksha Vratas

guiding vows

Sharavak

male householder

Shravika

female householder

Sangh

a community consisting of monks, nuns, householders (male and female)

Samyaktava Bhava

staying in equanimity

Saman Suttam

a holy book of Jains

Sutra

holy book or holy verses

Shakahari Tandoori

vegetarian

Roti

Type of Indian bread

Thali

a food plate or items that we eat from

Tirtha

Object of worship

Tirthasathan

a holy place

Tirtha Yatra

Pilgrimage to place of worship

Uttradhayan

a Jain holy book

Veg

vegetarian food

Vanaspati Ghee

Hydrogenated oil for cooking

Vratas

vows of restraint

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Title: An Ahimsa Crisis You Decide
Author: Sulekh C. Jain
Edition: 2016, 1st edition
Publisher: Prakrit Bharati Academy, Jaipur, India