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Microcosmology: Atom In Jain Philosophy & Modern Science: [2.3.05] Atom In Jain Philosophy - Pudgala G.P. - Non-Transmutability Of Pudgala

Published: 25.09.2007
Updated: 02.07.2015

Pudgala - General Properties

Although the term avasthita is generally a synonym of dhruva, etc., its meaning carries a profound significance. It means that pudgala never becomes a non-pudgala. [Prav. Sar. 2/3]

Now, we have been repeatedly saying that Jains emphasize the 'persistence-through-change' as the fundamental nature of a real, and therefore, pudgala must positively be subject to change. But the term 'change', generally, refers to 'the process of differentiation, slight or great, in appearance or essence.' Hence, the term avasthita does not deny the mutability of pudgala in its own modifications but denies the transmutability into another non-pudgala substance. That is to say - pudgala does persist through modes, but is always eternally pudgala. It can never absolutely be destroyed nor be absolutely transmuted i.e. it can never become non-pudgala.

Thus, although certain groups (vargana) of aggregates of pudgala intimately interact with and are attracted, taken in and transformed (but not transmuted) by the conscious substance (jiva); at no time, do these groups lose their own identity and they remain eternally pudgala. In short, pudgala is mutable, but not transmutable.

  • Jain Vishva Barati Institute, Ladnun, India
  • Edited by Muni Mahendra Kumar
  • 3rd Edition 1995

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Avasthita
  2. Dhruva
  3. Jiva
  4. Pudgala
  5. Vargana
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