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Microcosmology: Atom In Jain Philosophy & Modern Science: [2.2.06] Atom In Jain Philosophy - Pudgala - Other Important Attributes (Modes) - Minuteness (Microscopicness) And Largeness (Macroscopicness)

Published: 13.09.2007
Updated: 06.08.2008

4. Minuteness (Microscopicness) And Largeness (Macroscopicness)

The physical universe is composed of innumerable varieties of physical objects, from a microscopic sub-atomic particle to a macroscopic giant star. Both these opposite qualities are, therefore, special attributes of the physical substance (pudgala).

Largeness and minuteness are, however, mostly relative. An object is large because there is another one, which is smaller than it. Largeness of the former is strictly relative to the minuteness of the latter.

An ultimate atom (paramanu) is the smallest indivisible form of pudgala, and there is nothing more minute than it And hence minuteness (microscopicness) is of two kinds:

  1. Relative
  2. Ultimate.

Similarly largeness (macroscopicness) is also of two kinds:

  1. Relative
  2. Ultimate.
The ultimate macroscosmic object is called acitta mahaskandha i.e. great aggregate, which pervades the entire cosmic space (lokakasa).
  • Jain Vishva Barati Institute, Ladnun, India
  • Edited by Muni Mahendra Kumar
  • 3rd Edition 1995

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Acitta
  2. Acitta mahaskandha
  3. Lokakasa
  4. Paramanu
  5. Pudgala
  6. Space
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