Patanjali Yoga Sutras: Sutra 5-9

Published: 16.11.2015

5. तज्जयात् प्रज्ञालोकः ॥५॥

tajjayāt prajñālokaḥ ||5||

By the conquest of that comes light of knowledge.

When one has succeeded in making this Samyama, all powers come under his control. This is the great instrument of the Yogi. The object of knowledge are infinite, and they are divided into the gross, grosser, grossest, and the fine, finer, finest, and so on. This Samyama should be first applied to gross things, when when you begin to get knowledge of the gross, slowly, by stages, it should be brought to finer things.

6. तस्य भूमिषु विनियोगः ॥६॥

tasya bhūmiṣu viniyogaḥ ||6||

That should be employed in stages. This is a note of

warning not to attempt to go too fast.

7. त्रयमन्तरन्गं पूर्वेभ्यः ॥७॥

trayam-antarangaṁ pūrvebhyaḥ ||7||

These three are nearer than those that precede.

Before these we had the Pranayama, the Asana, the Yama and Niyama; these are external parts of these three— Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi. Yet these latter even are external to the seedless Samadhi. When a man has attained to them he may attain to omniscience and omnipresence, but that would not be salvation. These three would not make the mind Nirvikalpa, changeless, but would leave the seeds for getting bodies again; only when the seeds are, as the Yogi says, “fried,” do they lose the possibility of producing further plants. These powers cannot fry the seed.

8. तदपि बहिरङ्गं निर्बीजस्य ॥८॥

tadapi bahiraṅgaṁ nirbījasya ||8||

But even they are external to the seedless (Samadhi).

Compared with that seedless Samadhi, therefore, even these are external. We have not yet reached the real Samadhi, the highest, but to a lower stage, in which this universe still exists as we see it, and in which are all these power.

9. व्युत्थाननिरोधसंस्कारयोः अभिभवप्रादुर्भावौ निरोधक्षण चित्तान्वयो निरोधपरिणामः ॥९॥

vyutthāna-nirodha-saṁskārayoḥ abhibhava-prādurbhāvau nirodhakṣaṇa cittānvayo nirodha-pariṇāmaḥ ||9||

By the suppression of the disturbed modifications of the mind, and by the rise of modifications of control, the mind is said to attain the controlling modifications - following the controlling powers of the mind.

That is to say, in this first state of Samadhi, the modifications of the mind have been controlled, but not perfectly, because if they were, there would be no modifications. If there is a modification which impels the mind to rush out through the senses, and the Yogi tries to control it, that very control itself will be a modification. One wave will be checked by another wave, so it will not be real Samadhi, when all the waves have subsided, as control itself will be a wave. Yet this lower Samadhi is very much nearer to the higher Samadhi than when the mind comes bubbling out.

Sources
Patanjali Yoga Sutras Edition: 1896

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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Asana
  2. Dharana
  3. Dhyana
  4. Niyama
  5. Pranayama
  6. Samadhi
  7. Samyama
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