Economics Of Mahavira ► 07 ► [07.13] Mahavira, Marx, Keynes and Gandhi - Freedom

Posted: 11.04.2006

Let us ponder over once again on one more dimension. Freedom and happiness, both had been cherished for a long time. Man has always been wanted to remain free and happy. To Mahavira and Gandhi, it is the absolute freedom that is desired.

First of all, personal freedom is essential.

Where the freedom of a man is shackled, that situation is acceptable neither to Mahavira nor to Gandhi.

From that point of view, Marx did not very much lag behind. He also saw a dream and that is very significant a - stateless society. What a great dream - an environment of freedom where the government does not exist.

Keynes could not see such a dream. Under the capitalistic economic system as well, freedom is preferred. But Keynes could not propose and subscribe to a stateless society, which Marx did. However, the question is: how could one conceive of a stateless society in the framework of a centralized economic System? Under a centralized structure, it is necessary to resort to violence and punishment. Only dictatorship can flourish in such circumstances and one cannot really talk of freedom.

Lenin attempted to give a shape to the dream of Marx. The moment power slipped into the hands of Stalin, the form of dictatorship became so horrifying that there remained no opportunity for freedom to survive. The entire situation transformed itself. And the dream of Marx remained unfulfilled.

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