Posted: 22.10.2013
By Theresa Suski
Nearly one and a half years have passed, since the last visit of Prof. Hampa Nagarajaiah. Fortunately, Prof. Hampa Nagarajaiah from Bangalore University, Karnataka, once again visited the Center for Jaina Studies (CfJS) at Free University Berlin, Germany. It was not only Prof. Hampana who returned but also his endless power and positive energy with which he suffused us. The reason for his visit was the award...
Posted: 09.10.2013
 
Invitation:, Text Version: National Institute of Prakrit Studies and Research at Shravanabelgola and Center for Jaina Studies at Freie Universität Berlin would like to invite you cordially to attend the bestowal of the Prakrit Jnanabharati International Award to Prof. em. Dr. Johannes Bronkhorst (Lausanne) Prof. Dr. Christine Chojnacki (Lyon) on Saturday, 19th October 2013 at the Auditorium of the...
Posted: 15.11.2012
By Dr. Anita Sudhir Bothara
National Symposium on Jain Philosophy, Science And Scriptures Revealing the Scientific Nature of the Jain Concept 'Sammūrcchima' (Agglutination) A Paper presented in a National Symposium on Jain Philosophy, Science and Scriptures, between 22nd-24th October 2012 at Jasol, Rajasthan I. References have been taken from the Website Wikipedia - Subtexts: - Asexual reproduction Hermaphrodite Cloning II. References...
Posted: 08.11.2012
By Dr. Nalini Joshi
National Symposium on Jain Philosophy, Science And Scriptures Darwin's Theory of Evolution from a Jain Viewpoint A Paper presented in a National Symposium on Jain Philosophy, Science and Scriptures, between 22nd-24th October 2012 at Jasol, Rajasthan. 1. Rationale behind the Choice of the Subject Scholars of Jainology always claim that the tenets of Jainism are closer to the modern scientific concepts than all...
Posted: 05.11.2012
By Dr. Nalini Joshi
Pro-Environmental Thoughts and Actual Practices in Jain Tradition: A Critical Review A Paper presented in the International Conference and Workshop jointly arranged by UNESCO-UOP at Pune from 13th-16th October 2012 Introduction In the last two decades the branch called 'Jain Studies' is flourishing in India and abroad with amazing pace. Jain institutions and Study Centers arrange grand conferences, symposiums...
Posted: 18.09.2012
By Dr. Nalini Joshi
डॉ. नलिनी जोशी : गुन्हेगारी जगत् आणि क्रियास्थान
Posted: 18.09.2012
By Dr. Nalini Joshi
डॉ. नलिनी जोशी : दशलक्षणपर्व - चिंतन १-१०
Posted: 06.07.2012
By Theresa Suski
Impressions by the CfJS.FU students Professor Hampa Nagarajaiah from Bangalore University, Karnataka, came to visit the Department of Art History of the Freie Universität Berlin in June 2012. For the students it was an honor to present him the Center for Jaina Studies and its enormous holding of books - special thanks again to Pierre Amiel who donated most of the books. All excitement seceded when...
Posted: 29.06.2012
 
Invitation ►Prof. Hampana Lecture @ Center for Jaina Studies Das Zentrum für Jaina Studien (Center for Jaina Studies) am Fachbereich für Geschichts- und Kulturwissenschaften und die Abteilung Kunstgeschichte Südasiens des Kunsthistorischen Instituts lädt ein zu einem Vortrag über die kanaresische Literatur im südlichen Indien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Jaina Religion: Prof. Dr. Hampa...
Posted: 28.06.2012
 
Arrival & Welcome at Thinius' Residence In summer 2012 Karnataka's famous scholar in Kanarese studies and Jainology, Prof. Hampa Nagarajaiah, came to Berlin to visit Center for Jaina Studies of Freie Universität Berlin (CfJS.FU) and to meet scholars of Jainology and Indology. On June 26th, 2012 he arrived in Berlin Tegel airport where he was received by Patrick Krueger, who heads CfJS.FU, Johannes...
Posted: 07.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
Figures: Fig. 1: Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna watching the fight between Bhīma and Jarāsandha (Documentation No. 1); Photograph: Berlin Museum of Indian Art. Fig. 2: Kṛṣṇa lifting up Mt. Govardhana. Daśāvatāra Cave at Ellora (Documentation No. 35); Photograph: G. v. Mitterwallner. Fig. 3: Kṛṣṇa scenes on a pillar of the Mallikārjuna temple at Pattadakal (Documentation No. 38). Medaillon:...
Posted: 06.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 5. Documentation (K ṛṣṇ a) With the exception of the last section, the following documentation covers selected motifs from the larger field of Kṛṣṇa iconography. Specimens later than ca. 900 A.D. have - as a rule - not been included. § 5.1 Post-Kaṃsavadha Panels [Here and in other parts of the Documentation we use the oblique to separate the place of provenance from the collection where the...
Posted: 05.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 3. Classification in Kṛṣṇa Iconography The simplest classification is always the safest classification. Divisions showing considerable depth produce more problems than Divisions with minimal depth (two to three planes), complex features (true divisions) are less precise than features concerning details (pseudo-divisions). More often than not, true divisions are inaccurate because there is no...
Posted: 04.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 2. Classification in Viṣṇu Iconography Viṣṇu iconography shows a remarkable lack of uniformity. Not in the general sense that the "great gods" have always "many forms", but in the more specific sense that Viṣṇu iconography does not form a well defined area within the larger field of Hindu iconography. Before supplying a structural analysis of the Kṛṣṇa iconography we shall, therefore, try...
Posted: 01.06.2012
By Robert Arlt
CfJS Library extended by a donation of books on Jainism - A travel report about the shipping of a Jainological library from Nice to Berlin In 2011 Pierre Paul Amiel wished to support the establishment of a library for the Center for Jaina Studies by the donation of his collection of books on Jain religion and culture. Hence, Carola Thinius and myself started on 2nd of April, 2012 to a Journey to...
Posted: 01.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
(i) Minimal differentiation. This consists of three elements: attending goddess, attending god, symbol. All the three motifs differ from Jina to Jina (the total being 72). However, this pattern developed in stages, and even when it had reached its last phase, the three motifs did not play a very prominent part. (ii) Additional differentiation (additional, i.e. differing from the triple pattern according to...
Posted: 31.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 1.3 Divisions In the preceding discussion, the word "division" was used in the sense of a specific unit (value, class). It can, however, also be employed to designate the process of forming classes etc., and in this latter meaning (which is under consideration in the present section) we shall write the word invariably in capital letters. The term Division will cover at the same time the structure in its...
Posted: 30.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in the volume German Scholars on India - Contributions to Indian Studies Vol. II, Bombay: Nachiketa Publications Limited, 1976, pp. 26-50. Classification in Indian Iconography While going through the pages that follow, the reader will not only experience the general difficulties caused by all discussions of an abstract nature. He will also be faced with a more basic problem. The reader...
Posted: 28.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
Figures: Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 Fig. 9 Fig. 10 Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Drawing 1. Drawing 2.
Posted: 25.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 11. Bibliography/Abbreviations When referring to illustrations in the present paper we omit the reference to the place (simply “fig. 1“), and when referring to illustrations in other publications we omit in all unequivocal cases the reference to the type of illustration (simply “Kramrisch In 107“). “Neg. no.“ designates unpublished photos in our own collection. All technical terms have been...
Posted: 24.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 9. Taxonomy The study of an individual motif is concerned with both: collection and organization of the available data. A few general remarks concerning the methods of organization may, therefore, not be superfluous. Our formulation will be of a general nature, but we are mainly guided by the experience acquired in the present study. We can start from two primary planes: form and iconography. Form is...
Posted: 23.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 8. The fantastic tree In the medieval and post-medieval art of Central and Western India we come across a number of vegetable motifs which have no common denominator but which can perhaps be grouped together under the label “fantastic tree.“ This grouping suggests itself mainly in connection with the art of the post-medieval Jaina temple at Ranekpur (Crowe Tr, JRM fig. 179), but perhaps it is applicable...
Posted: 22.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 7. A.D. 900-1100: The banana plant in medieval art In medieval art we find invariably the calyx formula. The way in which it is employed marks a clear departure from the earlier and somewhat casual renderings. The motif is now included in the iconographic programmes of the steles as an element with a clear status. It is, however, no longer primarily connected with images of the Śaiva cycle. There is less...
Posted: 21.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 6. A.D. 750-950: The banana plant in early medieval art (supplement) It is unlikely that it would be the “small niche figures“ which attracted the banana plant motif. An alternative explanation of the facts presented in § 5 would be that the four relevant temples (and others belonging to the same period and area) reflect a more general predilection for banana plants as corner motifs (or corner fillers)...
Posted: 18.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 5. A.D. 750-900: The banana plant in early medieval art (niche figures) In the earlier periods, each specimen of the banana plant motif can be studied as an artistic realization in its own right. But as the number of specimens increase we wonder whether a classification (on morphological lines) might be possible. In discussing this issue we must distinguish between diversity (all related specimens form a...
Posted: 17.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 4. After A.D. 600: The banana plant in early medieval art (various specimens) In the present section we shall consider not only “Central India“ but the entire Northern belt. The first sites to the considered will be Nālanda, Paharpur, Mainamati and Muṇḍeśvarī. Photographs taken by Cl. and J. Bautze show that the banana plant occurs repeatedly on the panels above the plinth of a structure at...
Posted: 16.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 2. Technical and methodical remarks We use the term “banana plant“ (“banana plant) both in descriptive and in analytic contexts. To demonstrate this difference we mention in connection with the word “kalaśa“ the phrases “Devī with kalaśa“ on the one hand (descriptive) and “pillar with pūrṇakalaśa capital“ on the other (analytic). Occasionally, the fuller form “banana plant motif“...
Posted: 15.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
A Vegetable Motif in Central Indian Art This essay is the fuller version of a paper read on the 24th German Oriental Conference ( XXIV. Deutscher Orientalistentag) held on September 26-30, 1988 in Cologne. I should like to express my gratitude to Prof. Peter Kunsmann for giving my English its final shape. Introduction On an earlier occasion, we had tried to establish a connection between a somewhat isolated...
Posted: 27.04.2012
 
Pierre Paul Amiel To support Jaina studies in Berlin Pierre Paul Amiel, a renowned expert in Jainism and author of several books and papers on Jain religion gave his complete library and archive on Jainism to CfJS.FU. Read: Donation of a Jaina Research Library to CfJS.FU A detailed list of all giftet books, magazines and journals will soon be published here.
Posted: 27.04.2012
 
In April 2012, Center for Jaina Studies at Freie Universität Berlin (CfJS.FU) received a donation of several hundreds of books, journals and magazines on Jainism and related fields of Indology by Pierre Paul Amiel. Mr. Amiel is a renowned expert in Jainism and author of several books and papers on Jain religion from Nice, France. It is due to his work that knowledge on Jainism was spread among French public...
Posted: 13.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Indologica Taurinensia (Vol. XI, 1983, pp. 27-75). § 9. The Universal History Literature on the Universal History is different from Varga Literature in so far as the latter potentially carries possibilities of endless variations whereas the former is concerned with a definite mythological subject, the history of the sixty-three great men. However, in terms of complexity and quantity...
Posted: 12.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Indologica Taurinensia (Vol. XI, 1983, pp. 27-75). § 7. Specifications vis-ā-vis § 6 (and figs. 1-2) ( Narrative units :) Our analyses (in parentheses) of the nine narrative units of Ant. do not refer to their contents but to the works Which are required to fill the gaps. These works are enumerated after the abbreviation va°REP, e.g. «va°REP (Ant., …)». The titles are...
Posted: 11.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Indologica Taurinensia (Vol. XI, 1983, pp. 27-75). § 5. Antakṛddaśāḥ We have selected the 8th aṅga Antakṛddaśāḥ in order to demonstrate the main types of repetition (§ 3) as found in Varga Literature. Ant. has been studied by A. Weber and W. Schubring. The translation by L. D. Barnett (Barnett, Ant.) was to a large extent the basis of our analysis. For the Digambara...
Posted: 10.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Indologica Taurinensia (Vol. XI, 1983, pp. 27-75). § 3. Var ṇ aka-Repetition and Hero-Variation Repetition in Indian literature can be studied in more than one way. Scholars have made numerous observations in different parts of Indian literature, narrative and non-narrative, which demonstrate the enormous role played by repetition. But it is difficult to arrange the material in a...
Posted: 09.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Indologica Taurinensia (Vol. XI, 1983, pp. 27-75). § 1. Introduction By using the word «repetition» in the title of the present paper we do not want to indicate that we are concerned with a well-defined phenomenon. As a consequence, no systematic presentation or classification can be envisaged. We can also not claim to have come across specific repetition phenomena which have not...
Posted: 06.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. (17) Bibliography Āc Ācāradaśāḥ (Daśāśrutaskandha). Alsdorf Ut L. Alsdorf , The Āryā Stanzas of the Uttarajjhāyā. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur . Mainz 1966 [pp. 1-68]. ĀvSū Āvaśyaka Sūtra. Balbir Qu N. Balbir , Souper de jour: quatrains. Indologica Taurinensia XIV.1987-88:...
Posted: 04.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. We present in abbreviated form and in translation ( Williams Jy: 213) a prose passage of part V: “... making penance, making purification, extracting evil from myself, I stand in the kāyotsarga in order to make an end to sinful acts. With the exception of inhaling and exhaling, coughing and sneezing,... very slight movements...
Posted: 02.04.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. Selected subjects (11-15) 11-12: Overview of selected subjects (drinking and walking); 13-14: quasi-meditation ( tapas ) and true meditation ( kāyôtsarga, vyutsarga ); 15: āyariya and antevāsī (scholasticism). (11) Drinking, washing, cleanliness. Considering thirst and exposure of the body to heat, considering the rule to...
Posted: 30.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. Incongruous units (monastic), terms forming chains (canonical): 1-4 (1) Āvaśyaka Sūtra . Bruhn Āv: 22-25; Leumann Üb: 6-8, 16-19 ( Baumann Āv: 15-18 and 44-54); Dundas Jn: 169-173; JĀGM (Āv): 333-358. - Six basic parts: sāmāyika (equanimity, 'pious conduct'), caturviṃśatistava (praise of the 24 Jinas), vandana...
Posted: 28.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. II. Terms in Jaina ethics (the canon) We add to Jaina 'Sects and Schools' an overview on canonical Jaina ethics. Translations explaining the terms follow the publications of H. Jacobi if not stated otherwise. There is the multiple opposition between monastic ethics and householders' ethics, between ethics and soteriology...
Posted: 26.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in Berliner Indologische Studien Vol. 20 (2012), pp. 7-35. I. Structure of Jainism (sects and schools) There are various lines in the history of Jainism, but matters are made comprehensible (i) by the presence of two pairs of opposites: Śvetāmbaras and Digambaras, mūrtipūjaka s (Śvet.) and amūrtipūjaka s (Śvet.). There is furthermore (ii) in medieval times and earlier the...
Posted: 23.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 12. Bibliography A. Ancient Texts Ka “ Ka“ stands for the (unpublished?) Kanarese manuscript (text) on which Jas. B urgess ' (Alexander R ea's ) document of the YY was based. The descriptions are not identical with those of the Prati ṣṭ hāsāroddhāra. Hingorani Di: 9; G lasenapp Jn: 532-533;...
Posted: 22.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 11. Abbreviations and Terminology Ambikā The position of Ambikā follows from the context. Apart from “K-and-A“ we have not used special terms. Common denominator: mango bunch and child(ren). See §§ 3-6. Apraticakrā Identical with → Cakreśvarī. Attendant deity Any deity, identified or not, in...
Posted: 21.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 10. List of Figures and Notes (IV) Fig. 15 Fig. 16 Fig. 17 Figs. 15-17. § 5. Three niche figures of Deogarh Temple No. 12. A.D. 850-900. Fig. 15 published Tiwari Ch: pl. 21, fig. 1. - Fig. 15 (Cakreśvarī: JID, fig. 55), fig. 16 (Ambikā: JID, fig. 58) and fig. 17 (Sarasvatī: JID, fig. 52). The male figure to...
Posted: 20.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 10. List of Figures and Notes (III) Fig. 11 § 3. Kubera in the Jaina compound of Deogarh (Wall-Section VII, see JID: fig. 392). A.D. 950-1000. - It is not possible to say whether the slab is complete or part of a larger composition. The figure is at any rate Jaina, as there has never been a Hindu temple in the area...
Posted: 19.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 10. List of Figures and Notes (II) Fig. 6 § 3 . Kubera-and-Ambikā. Gwalior Fort. Rock-cut. A.D. 700-800. - This is the only great multi-figured relief of K-and-A in Northern India, and perhaps the only case where K-and-A appear together but not below a dominating Jina. We have published the relief already twice (JID:...
Posted: 16.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 10. List of Figures and Notes (I) Fig. 1 § 2. Jaina couple from Sahet-Mahet, now State Museum, Lucknow. A .D. 800-900. S hah Pa: fig.11c. - If better preserved, the piece would show some interesting iconographic details. Compare for posture, and style, K rishna Gu: pls. 53 (Umā and Maheśvara) and 93 (Kubera and wife)...
Posted: 15.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 9. Questions of the “Interested Layman“ Didactic as well as more general considerations have prompted us to attach considerable importance to the subject of questions arising in the mind of the observer. An interested layman may ask the following questions (some discussed above, some not): Why are so many Jina images...
Posted: 14.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 8. Text and Image The present article is largely connected with text-image differences. We have mentioned the problem already at the end of § 4. Below we shall treat the issue again in a more general manner. We will distinguish between various forms of text-image differences. There is - our first type - a difference...
Posted: 13.03.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The essay was published in Berliner Indologische Studien No. 13/14. 2000, pp. 273-337 . § 7. The Concept of Type In connection with Bruhn Gr I, two corrections/additions are necessary. They concern the concept of type (Bruhn Gr I: §§ 2-3, also JID: ch. 22) and the issue of text-image differences (B ruhn Gr I: § 1). See our sections 7-8 (and 6). Type is not a basic unit like “motif or “motifeme“ in...

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