The Enigma Of The Universe : Theory Of Numbers In Jain Philosophy

Published: 25.03.2015
Updated: 02.07.2015

There is an elaborate deliberation over the topic of 'number' in the Jain philosophy.

There are eight kinds of saṃkhā pramaṇa[1] (standards of Saṃkhya).

1. Nāma Saṃkhya- Nominal: The Saṃkhya as name of a thing or a living being.

2. Sthapanā Saṃkhya -  Conventional: The arbitrary attribution of number.

3. Dravya Saṃkhya - Virtual: The person who is knower of number.

4. Aupmya-upamāna Saṃkhya -  Comparative: Number explained through comparison.

5. Parimāṇa Saṃkhya -  Quantitative: The extent in number (of letters, verses etc.) through which the canonical work is measured.

6. Jñāna Saṃkhya - Epistemological: What one knows.

7. Gaṇanā Saṃkhya - Mathematical: Numerical counting.

8. Bhāva Saṃkhya - Real: Here saṃkhā (Pkt.) stands for conch-shell and not number.

Here, we confine ourselves to the discussion of gaṇanā Saṃkhya (mathematical number),[2] for we have used the technical terms concerning mathematical numbers throughout this book.

The gaṇanā Saṃkhyās are of three kinds:

1. Saṃkhyāta (numerable or countable)

2. Asaṃkhyāta (innumerable or uncountable)

3. Ananta (infinite)

Footnotes
1:

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2:

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Sources

Title: The Enigma Of The Universe

Publisher: JVB University Ladnun

English Edition: 2010

HN4U Online Edition: 2014

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ananta
  2. Asaṃkhyāta
  3. Bhāva
  4. Dravya
  5. Jain Philosophy
  6. Jñāna
  7. Nāma
  8. Sūtra
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