The Enigma Of The Universe : Table of Units of Countable Time

Published: 20.03.2015
Updated: 02.07.2015

1 Samaya = smallest (ultimate indivisible) unit of time Jaghanya-Yukta-Asaṃkhyāta samayas = 1 āvalikā

4446  2422/3773   Āvalikās = 1 Prāṇa
7   Prāṇas = 1 Stoka
7   Stokas = 1 Lava
38½   Lavas = 1 Ghaḍī (Ghaḍikā)
2   Ghaḍīs = 1 Muhūrta (48 minutes)
30   Muhūrtas = 1 Ahorātra (one day and night)
30   Ahorātras = 1 Māsa (one month)
12   Māsas = 1 Varṣa (one year)
8400000   Varṣas = 1 Pūrvāṅga
"   Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Pūrva
"   Pūrvas Āvalikās = 1 Truṭitāṭga
"   Truṭitāṭgas = 1 Truṭita
"   Truṭitas = 1 Aḍaḍāṅga
"   Aḍaḍāṅgas = 1 Aḍaḍa
"   Aḍaḍas = 1 Avavāṅga
"   Avavāṅgas = 1 Avava
"   Avavas = 1 Hūhūkāṅga
"   Hūhūkāṅgas = 1 Hūhūka
8400000   Hūhūkas = 1 Utpalāṅga
"   Utpalāṅgas = 1 Utpala
"   Utpalas = 1 Padmāṅga
"   Padmāṅgas = 1 Padma
"   Padmas = 1 Nalināṅga
"   Nalināṅgas = 1 Nalina
"   Nalinas = 1 Arthanipurāṅga
"   Arthanipurāṅgas = 1 Arthanipura
"   Arthanipuras = 1 Ayutāṅga
"   Ayutāṅgas = 1 Ayutas
"   Ayutas = 1 Prayutāṅga
"   Prayutāṅgas = 1 Prayuta
"   Prayutas = 1  Nayutāṅga
"   Nayutāṅgas = 1 Nayuta
"   Nayutas = 1 Cūlikāṅga
"   Cūlikāṅgas = 1 Cūlikā
"   Cūlikās = 1 Śīrṣaprahelikāṇga
"   Śīrṣaprahelikāṇgas = 1 Śīrṣaprahelikā

This table is based on the Śvetāmbara tradition.[1] In the Digambara tradition, however, there is difference in the units, greater than year.[2]They are given as follows:

8400000   Varṣas = 1 Pūrvāṅga
8400000   Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Pūrva
84   Pūrvas = 1 Parvāṅga[3]
8400000   Pūrvāṅgas = 1 Parvā
84   Parvas = 1 Nayutāṅga[4]
8400000   Nayutāṅgas = 1 Nayuta
84   Nayutas = 1 Kumudāṅga
8400000   Kumudāṅgas = 1 Kumuda
84   Kumudas = 1 Padmāṅga
8400000   Padmāṅgas = 1 Padma
84   Padmas = 1 Nalināṅga
8400000   Nalināṅgas = 1 Nalina
84   Nalinas = 1 Kamalāṅga
8400000   Kamalāṅgas = 1 Kamala
84   Kamalas = 1 Truṭitāṭga
8400000   Truṭitāṭgas = 1 Truṭita
84   Truṭitas = 1 Aḍaḍāṅga
8400000   Aḍaḍāṅgas = 1 Aḍaḍa
84   Aḍaḍas = 1 Amamāṅga
8400000   Amamāṅgas = 1 Amama
84   Amamas = 1 Hāhāṅga
8400000   Hāhāṅgas = 1 Hāhā
84   Hāhās = 1 Hūhāṅga
8400000   Hūhāṅgas = 1 Hūhū
84   Hūhūs = 1 Latāṅga
8400000   Latāṅgas = 1 Latā
84   Latās = 1 Mahālatāṅga
8400000   Mahālatāṅgas = 1 Mahālatā
8400000   Mahālatās = 1 Śrīkalpa[5]
8400000   Śrīkalpas = 1 Hasta-prahelita
8400000   Hasta-prahelitas = 1 Acalātma

According the Śvetāmbara tradition, highest unit of countable time is Śīrṣaprahelikā, whose value is[6]:

(8400000)28 = (8428 x 10140) years.

According to the Digambara tradition, highest unit of countable time is acalātma, whose value is:

(8431 x 1090) years.

Footnotes
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2:

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3:

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6:

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Sources

Title: The Enigma Of The Universe

Publisher: JVB University Ladnun

English Edition: 2010

HN4U Online Edition: 2014

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Digambara
  2. Prāṇa
  3. Pūrva
  4. Pūrvāṅga
  5. Samaya
  6. Samayas
  7. Sūtra
  8. Śvetāmbara
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