Deva

Published: 14.02.2018

1. god - The Jīva (soul) born in Devagati (realm of mundane existence qua gods); the living being, whose body (being Vaikriya (protean)) is devoid of structure like bone, flesh and blood; whose body is effulgent; whose body has a divine beauty because all the limbs and sub- limbs are elegant; who are endowed with the power to fly in space soon after the birth, even without the help of Vidyā (occult science), Mantra etc...

dyotante vā bhāsvaraśariratvādasthimāmsāsṛkprabandha-rahitatvāt sarvāngopāngasnndara- tvācca devāḥ.

athavā vinā vidyāmantrānjanādibhih pūrvakrtatapo'peksajanmalābhasamanantaramevākāśabhājo devāḥ.

(TaBhā 4.1 Vṛ)

devagatināmakannodaye sati dyutyādyarthāvarodhād devāḥ.

(TaVā 4.1)

2. The Vaimānika Deva (Empyrean god), or the Jyotiṣka Deva (Luminous god) and the Vaimānika Deva.

See - Devendra.

3. That living being, who is divya i.e., krīdāśila (leading a life of pleasure) or stutya (worthy of being eulogized) and adorable; e.g., - Arhat (one possessed of super-sensory knowledge), Cakravartī (universal sovereign) etc...

dīvyanti – kriḍāṃ kurvanti dīvyante vā - stiiyante vā"rādhyatayeti devāh.

(Bhaga 12.163 Vṛ)

pamcavihā devāpannatta, tamjahā - bhaviya- davvaevā, ṇaradevā, dhammadevā, devātidevā, bhāvadevā.

(Sthā 5.53)

4. That human being, who is omniscient, Vitarāga (free from attachment and aversion), an exponent of the Truth as it is, Arhat (1) (Tīrthaṅkara (ford- -founder)) and possessed of the highest grandeur.

sarvajno jitarāgādidoṣastrailokyapūjitaḥ. yatlīāsthitārthavādīca devo'rhan parameśvaraḥ...

(YoŚā 2.4)

References

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Sources
Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa
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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Arhat
  2. Body
  3. Deva
  4. Devagati
  5. Devendra
  6. JAINA
  7. Jaina
  8. Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa
  9. Jyotiṣka Deva
  10. Jīva
  11. Mantra
  12. Omniscient
  13. Science
  14. Soul
  15. Space
  16. Tīrthaṅkara
  17. Vidyā
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