Thus Spoke Mahāvīra: 51-60

Published: 08.04.2020
Updated: 12.05.2020

(51)वंर मे अप्पा दंतो, 
 संजमेण तवेण य । 
 माहं परेहि दम्मंतो,  
 बंधणेहि़ वहेहि य।। 

varaṁ me appā dato
sa
jamea tavea ya
m
āha parehi dammato
ba
dhaehi vahehi ya. 

 It is better that I should try to control my senses and my mind by strict self-restraint and penance. It is not fair that the others should control me by binding and putting me to death. 

 (52) अप्पा कत्ता विकत्ता य,  
      दुहाण य सुहाण य  । 
   अप्पा मित्तममित्तं च, 
     दुप्पट्ठिय सुपट्ठिओ ।। 

appā kattā vikattā ya
duh
āa ya suhāa ya
app
ā mittamamitta ca
duppa
ṭṭhiya supaṭṭhio. 

 Soul is the cause of unhappiness  and happiness and also the destroyer of them. Soul allied to right action is  the friend and allied with sinful action it becomes the foe. 

(53)  अप्पा अप्पम्मि रओ,  
       रायादिसु सयलदोसपरिचतो । 
     संसारतरणहेदुं धम्मो त्ति, 
     जिणेहि णिद्दिट्ठं ।। 

   appā appammi rao
r
āyādisu sayaladosaparicatto
   sa
sārataraahedu  dhammo tti
ji
ehi iddiṭṭha 

  Righteousness consists in complete self-absorption and in giving ups all kinds of passions including attachment. It is the only means of transcending the mundane existence. The jinas have said so. 

(54) सव्वं जगं जइ तुह्ं,  
      सव्वं वावि धणं भवे ।.
     सव्वं पि ते अपज्जत्तं, 
      नेव ताणाय तं तव ।। 

     savvaṁ jaga jai tuha
     savva
 vāvi dha bhave
    savva
 pi te apajjatta
   neva t
āāya ta tava. 

 If one gets the whole world or he possesses the whole riches even then it cannot quench one’s desires, nor can it liberate one. 

 (55)जीवो बंभा जीवम्मि चेव,  
     चरिया हवेज्जा जा जदिणो । 
   तं जाण बंभचेरं,  
  विमुक्कपरदेहवित्तिस्स।। 

jīvo babhā jīvammi ceva
cariy
ā havejjā jā jadio
ta
 jāa babhacera
vimukkaparadeshavittissa.
 

The soul is the Brahman. Celibacy is therefore nothing but spiritual conduct of the ascetic concerning the soul, who has snapped out of relationship with alien body. 

 (56)  सूरग्गी डहदि दिवा,  
          रत्तिं च दिवा य डहइ कामग्गी । 
           सूरस्स अत्थि उछागारो,  
        कामग्गिणो नत्थि।। 

sūtaggī ahadi divā
ratti
 ca divā ya ahai kāmaggī
s
ūrassa atthi uchāgāro
k
āmaggio   natthi. 

 The sun scorches only during the day, but cupid scorches in the day as well as in the night. One can protect oneself from the sun, but cannot from cupid. 

(57) विसएसु     मणुन्नेसु,  
          पेमं       नाभिनिवेसए । 
        अणिच्चं तेसिं विन्नाय,  
      परिणामं  पोग्गलाण उ ।। 

   visaesu  maṇunnesu
  pemaṁ nābhinivesae
  a
icca tesi vinnāya
    pari
ṇāma poggalāṇa u. 

 Pleasing sound, beauty, fragrance, pleasant taste and soothing touch are transformations of matter.  knowing them. transitory, the celibate should not be enamoured of them. 

 (58)  एयं खु णाणिणो सारं,  
 जं न हिंसइ कंचण । 
 अहिंसा समयं चेव, 
 एयावंतं वियाणिया।। 

eyaṁ khu ṇāṇio sāra
ja
 na hisai kacaa
ahi
sā samaya ceva
ey
āvata viyāṇiyā. 

The essence of all knowledge consists in not committing violence. The doctrine of ahimsa is nothing but the observance of equality, i.e. the realization that just as I do not like misery, others also don’t like it. Knowing this, one should not kill anybody. 

  (59) सव्वे पाणा, सव्वे भूया,  
          सव्वे जीवा, सव्वे सत्ता ।  
      ण हंतव्वा,  
        ण अज्जावेयव्वा ।। 

savepāṇa save bhūyā
save j
īvā save sattā
ṇa
 hatavvā
ṇa
 ajjāveyavvā. 

Don’t kill any living beings.Don’t try to rule them.. 

 (60)जह ते ण पियं दुक्खं,  
    तहेव पि जाण जीवाणं । 
     एयं णच्चा अप्पोवमिओ,  
    जीवेसु होदि सदा।। 

jaha to ṇa piya dukkha
taheva pi j
āṇa jīvāṇa
eya
 ṇaccā appoamio
j
īvesu hodi sadā. 

 Just as you do not like misery, in the same way others don’t like it. Knowing this, you should do unto others what you want others to do unto you. 

Sources
Title: Thus Spoke Mahāvīra
Author: Yuvacharya Mahashraman
Publisher: Jain Vishwa Bharati, Ladnun
Edition:
2001
Digital Publishing:
Amit Kumar Jain

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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ahimsa
  2. Body
  3. Brahman
  4. Celibacy
  5. Sattā
  6. Soul
  7. Violence
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