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Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves

Published: 05.02.2011
Updated: 08.12.2012
Jain Caves at Udayagiri and Khandagiri, Khandagiri, Udayagiri, Udaygiri

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Orissa, India

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Orissa, India.

  • The caves are situated on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha inscription and face each other across the road. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves.
  • It is believed that most of these caves were carved out huge residential blocks for the Jain monks, during the reign of King Kharavela.
  • Udayagiri meaning Sunrise Hill, has 18 caves while Khandagiri (Broken Hill) has 15 caves.

List of Caves at Udayagiri

  1. Ranigumpha
  2. Bajagharagumpha
  3. Chota Hathigumpha
  4. Alkapurigumpha
  5. Jaya-vijayagumpha
  6. Panasagumpha
  7. Thakuranigumpha
  8. Patalapurigumpha
  9. Mancapurigumpha
  10. Ganesagumpha
    Udayagiri Apsidal Structure
  11. Jambesvaragumpha
  12. Vyaghragumpha
  13. Sarpagumpha
  14. Hathigumpha
  15. Dhanagharagumpha
  16. Haridasagumpha
  17. Jagammathgumpha
  18. Rosaigumpha

List of Caves at Khandagiri

  1. Tatowagumpha No.-1
  2. Tatowagumpha No.-2
  3. Anantagumpha
  4. Tentuligumpha
  5. Khandagirigumpha
  6. Dhyanagumpha
  7. Navamunigumpha
  8. Barabhujigumpha
  9. Trusulagumpha
  10. Ambikagumpha
  11. Lalatendukesarigumpha
  12. Unnamed
  13. Unnamed
  14. Ekadasigumpha
  15. Unnamed


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  1. Bhubaneswar
  2. Orissa
  3. Udayagiri Apsidal Structure
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