Published: 29.12.2008
Updated: 04.07.2015

Sanskrit: measure

Valid cognition; by which the entity is cognised fully,

that is, as free from perversion and the like; it is the valid organ of knowledge which reveals itself and others and is free from contradiction. In Jain Logic, pramāṇa, naya, nikṣepa etc. are considered as the means through which the truth or the reals can be understood.


It encompasses one or more reliable and valid means by which human beings gain accurate true knowledge.

Valid organ of knowledge

A limb of logic (nyāya); that valid cognition, which is without doubt and contradiction.


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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Jain Logic
  2. Naya
  3. Nikṣepa
  4. Nyāya
  5. Sanskrit
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