Published: 04.08.2008
Updated: 24.01.2012
Anuvrat, Anuvratas, Anuvrats, Aṇuvrats, Aṇūvrata

small vows (anu, atom)

Twelve vows to be carried out by the householder:

A) Compilation by Pravin K. Shah, Jain Study Center of North Carolina:

1 Ahimsa Anuvrat Non-violence Anuvrat (Sthula Pranatipat Viraman) Main Vow of Limited Nature
2 Satya Anuvrat Truthfulness Anuvrat (Sthula Mrisavada Viraman) Main Vow of Limited Nature
3 Achaurya Anuvrat Non-stealing Anuvrat (Sthula Adattadana Viraman) Main Vow of Limited Nature
4 Bhramacharya Anuvrat Chastity Anuvrat (Sthula Maithuna Viraman) Main Vow of Limited Nature
5 Aparigraha Anuvrat Non-attachment Anuvrat (Sthula Parigraha Viraman) Main Vow of Limited Nature
6 Dik Vrata Limited area of activity vow Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)
7 Bhoga-Upbhoga Vrata Limited use of consumable and non-consumable items vow Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)
8 Anartha-danda Vrata Avoidance of purposeless sins vow Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)
9 Samayik Vrata Meditation vow of limited duration Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)
10 Desavakasika Vrata Activity vow of limiting space Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)
11 Pausadha Vrata Ascetic's life Vow of limited duration Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)
12 Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata Limited charity vow Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)

B) Compilation by JVB London:

1 Ahimsa-vrata Refrain from gross violence
2 Satya-vrata Refrain from gross untruth
3 Asteya-vrata Non-stealing
4 Brahma-vrata Celibacy
5 Aparigraha-vrata Non-possessiveness & non-attachment
6 Dig-vrata Restriction in activities in various directions
7 Bhogopabhoga-parimana-vrata Limiting objects of daily use
8 Anartha-danda-vrata Refraining from negative activities (like gambling etc.)
9 Samayika-vrata Obtaining equanimity (contemplation)
10 Desavakasika-vrata Keeping limits on consumable and non-consumable goods for certain durations
11 Posadhopavasa-vrata
Fasting, praying and temporarily living like a monk or nun - in a spiritual place for at least 24 hours
12 Dana-vrata
Offering food and shelter to monks and nuns, helping fellow house-holders

The five great vows are adopted by monks.

see: Mahavratas


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  1. Achaurya
  2. Ahimsa
  3. Anu
  4. Aparigraha
  5. Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata
  6. Celibacy
  7. Contemplation
  8. Desavakasika Vrata
  9. Equanimity
  10. Fasting
  11. JVB
  12. JVB London
  13. London
  14. Mahavratas
  15. Meditation
  16. Non-violence
  17. Parigraha
  18. Pausadha Vrata
  19. Pravin K. Shah
  20. Samayik
  21. Samayik Vrata
  22. Satya
  23. Space
  24. Violence
  25. Vrata
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