Acharya Bhikshu

Published: 22.06.2010
Acharya Bhikhana, Acharya Bhikshuji, Acharya Bikshu, Bhikhanji, Bhikhanji Swami, Bhikhsu Swami, Bhikshu, Bhikshu Swami, Bhiksu, Muni Bhikanji, आचार्य भिक्षु


Born: 01.07.1726, Kantaliya, Rajasthan, India
Passed away: 08.1803 at Siryari, Rajasthan, India


Acharya Shree Bikshuji
Date of Birth V.S.1783, Asaad Sukla Troyodeshi, Tuesday
Place of Birth Kantaliya
Father's Name Ballushah
Mother's Name Deepaji
Marital Status Married
Gotra Sanklecha
Caste Beesa Oswal
Date Of Diksha D. Di. V. S. 1808. Bhav Di. V. S. 1810, Asaad Shukla Purnima
Diksha By D. Di. A. Raghunathji. Bhav. Di.
Place of Diksha Bhagdi Kevla
Teacher (Guru) Self
Appointment of Successor and Place (Yuvacharya) Not available
Appointment as Acharya and Place V. S. 1817 Asaad Shukla Purnima
Number of Sadhu & Sadhvi at the time of appointment as Acharya Sadhu: 8 Sadhvi: 0
New Diksha of Sadhu & Sadhvis during Acharya period. Sadhu: 46 Sadhvi: 56
Date of passing away (Devlok) V. S. 1860 Bhadrav Shukla. Trayodashi 7 prahar.
Number of Maryada Mohotsav Nil
Tenure as Acharya 43 years and 2 months
Maximum Chaturmas Siriyari 7, Pali 7
No of Sadhu & Sadhvi at the time of passing away. Sadhu: 21 Sadhvi: 27
Sadhvi Pramukha during Acharya period Sadhvi Barjuji

Monument built at the
cremation place of
Acharya Bikshu in Siriyari

Acharya Shree Bikshuji was the first of the 'Terapanthi' ascetic. The various beliefs and teachings of the religious orders of those times greatly influenced his thinking and he chose to follow the way of the search for truth and to understand it. He studied and analyzed the various disciplines of the Jain religion thoroughly and on this basis he compiled his own ideologies and principles of the Jain way of life. Based on the doctrines he propagated, A. S. Bikshuji rigorously followed the principles and thus set an example for all to follow. He showed the way for a life of discipline, purity and self-control. It was this way of life that was demonstrated by A. S. Bikshuji which came to known as Terapanth.

Though gold is invaluable by itself it yet needs to be tested and molded by fire to win the admiration and appreciation of the masses. Similarly the life of A. S. Bikshuji was a prodigy of ups and downs that tested and molded him to become a supreme individual. While the first half of the life of A. S. Bikshuji relates to us how he faced ordeals and difficulties, the second half reveals (unfolds) the success and accomplishments. It is this narration of the life and times of A. S. Bikshuji which has been complied and presented in the Rajasthani language and serves as a fountain of knowledge of those traditions and times.

In ancient times A. S. Bikshuji has been referred to as 'Bhikhanji', 'Bhikhamji', 'Bhikhu' etc. His followers piously referred to the great monk as 'Swamiji'. This biography of Swamiji has been presented at www.

A.S. Bikshuji was a monk who was far ahead of his times. He rose above the present conditions of the society and strived to present and example to the people of all times of a life of discipline and truth. In pursuit of this objective he sacrificed material goals, honor and luxuries. By adhering strictly to the doctrines he laid down, he overcame the weaknesses of the body and human character and led the way of to a celestial life. He revolutionized the various principles which had become meaningless with the passing of time and gave conception and birth to these tenements. He visualized a systematic, well established and orderly religious sect and saw it taking shape through 'Terapanth'. To organize and stabilize this religious order he propagated the ideology of one guru and brought to an end the concept of self discipleship. In this way his ideology of one Acharya, one principle, one thought and similar thinking became the ideal for other religious sects.

Swamiji was an ideal of tolerance, non-violence, generosity and equality and at every instance of his life he strived to stand against what was immoral and wrong in society fearlessly. The life of A. S. Bikshuji sets out an example for human to follow of a life of the positive human traits. We hope that this presentation of the life of Swamiji will be an inspiration to all to lead a life of simplicity and self discipline.

Acharya Bikshu's Letter of Conduct

Maryada Patra 1

Maryada Patra 2

The 10 Acharyas of Svetamber Terapanth Jains




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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Acharya
  2. Acharyas
  3. Ahimsa
  4. Ahimsa Yatra
  5. Body
  6. Chaturmas
  7. Diksha
  8. Discipline
  9. Gotra
  10. Guru
  11. Kantaliya
  12. Kevla
  13. Maryada
  14. Maryada Patra
  15. Non-violence
  16. Oswal
  17. Pali
  18. Raghunathji
  19. Rajasthan
  20. Rajasthani
  21. Sadhu
  22. Sadhvi
  23. Sadhvi Pramukha
  24. Sadhvis
  25. Shukla
  26. Siriyari
  27. Swamiji
  28. Terapanth
  29. Tolerance
  30. Yuvacharya
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