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Mathematical Sciences in the Karma Antiquity

Published: 12.05.2016
Updated: 13.05.2016

Professor Laxmi Chandra JAIN’s pioneering work on the mathematical content of classical Jaina karman theoretical texts deals exclusively with the mathematically refined forms of what he calls the ‘karma system theoretical approach’ or the biocybernetic system functionalism’ of the mathematical passages in the Digambara commentaries on the Ṣaṭkhaṇḍāgama and the Kaṣāyapāhuḍa. What a unit of karman pudgala actually represents, how karmic matter (a uniquely Jaina conception) is formed, and how Karman Theory B relates to Karman Theory A does not concern these texts. Hence, the term karman is used in a special sense in the present volume, which applies the language of modern biocybernetic system theory to the karman theory of Nemicandra:

‘”Karma” has been translated as “functional” and it has a mathematical significance of two meanings: as a transformation and as an operator with lapse over time’ (L.C. JAIN, infra, p. 16/26).

- Dr. Peter Flügel (SOAS)

Mathematical Sciences in the Karma Antiquity
L.C. Jain
with the collaboration of Prabha Jain
1. Edition:



Jabalpur: Gulab Rani Karma Science Museum: Shri Brahmi Sundari Prasthashram Samiti


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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Digambara
  2. JAINA
  3. Jabalpur
  4. Jaina
  5. Karma
  6. Karman
  7. Karmic matter
  8. Laxmi
  9. Laxmi Chandra Jain
  10. Peter Flügel
  11. Pudgala
  12. SOAS
  13. Samiti
  14. Science
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