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Jain Legend : Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2): Era of all canons knowing (ŚrutaKevalī) era

Published: 07.05.2016

V.N. 64 TO 170

ĀCĀRYAS OF ŚRUTAKEVALĪ ERA

ĀCĀRYA PRABHAVASWĀMĪ
(TENURE AS ĀCĀRYA - V.N. 64 TO 75)

ĀCĀRYA SAYYAṂBHAVASWĀMĪ
(TENURE AS ĀCĀRYA - V.N. 75 TO 98)

ĀCĀRYA YAŚOBHADRASWĀMĪ
(TENURE AS ĀCĀRYA - V.N. 98 TO 148)

ĀCĀRYA SAṂBHŪTAVIJAYASWĀMĪ
(TENURE AS ĀCĀRYA - V.N. 148 TO 156)

ĀCĀRYA BHADRABĀHUSWĀMĪ
(TENURE AS ĀCĀRYA - V.N. 156 TO 170)

ŚRUTAKEVALĪ (all canons knowing) era

Śrutakevalī Era commenced with the completion of Kevalī Era in 64 V.N. The one, who is perfectly - versed in & propounders of all scriptures (Dwādaśāṃgī) i.e. Śruta like an omniscient / Kevalī, is known as Śrutakevalī. In canonical literature a Śrutakevalī possesses the same capability as that of a Kevalī in the interpretation and analysis of the principles like Jīva and Ajīva etc.

According to Śvetāmbara sect, Śrutakevalī Era extended from V.N. 64 to 170 and the names of Śrutakevalīs of that time period are as follows:

Prabhava Swāmī 64 to 75 V.N.
Sayyaṃbhava Swāmī 75 to 98 V.N.
Yaśobhadra Swāmī 98 to 148 V.N.
Saṃbhūtavijaya Swāmī 148 to 156 V.N.
Bhadrabāhu Swāmī 156 to 170 V.N.

In most of the literature of Digambara sect and in the Paṭṭāvalīs, Śrutakevalī era is considered to have started in V.N. 62 and stretched up to V.N. 162 and hence the era extended over a span of 100 years. As per their text, the names and the tenures of 5 Śrutakevalīs are as follows:

Viṣṇunandi a.k.a. Nandi 62 to 76 V.N.
Nandimitra 76 to 92 V.N.
Aparājita 92 to 114 V.N.
Govardhana 114 to 133 V.N.
Bhadrabāhu-I 133 to 162 V.N.

Sources

Title: Jain Legend: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)
Author:
Acharya Hasti Mala
Editors:
Shugan C. Jain
Publisher: Samyakjnana Pracaraka Mandala, Jaipur
Edition: 2011
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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ajīva
  2. Aparājita
  3. Digambara
  4. Jīva
  5. Kevalī
  6. Omniscient
  7. Śruta
  8. Śrutakevalī
  9. Śvetāmbara
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