Anuvrata

Posted: 04.08.2008
Updated on: 24.01.2012

Alias

Anuvrat, Anuvratas, Anuvrats, Aṇuvrats, Aṇūvrata

small vows (anu, atom)

Twelve vows to be carried out by the householder:

A) Compilation by Pravin K. Shah, Jain Study Center of North Carolina:

1

Ahimsa Anuvrat

Non-violence Anuvrat (Sthula Pranatipat Viraman)

Main Vow of Limited Nature

2

Satya Anuvrat

Truthfulness Anuvrat (Sthula Mrisavada Viraman)

Main Vow of Limited Nature

3

Achaurya Anuvrat

Non-stealing Anuvrat (Sthula Adattadana Viraman)

Main Vow of Limited Nature

4

Bhramacharya Anuvrat

Chastity Anuvrat (Sthula Maithuna Viraman)

Main Vow of Limited Nature

5

Aparigraha Anuvrat

Non-attachment Anuvrat (Sthula Parigraha Viraman)

Main Vow of Limited Nature

6

Dik Vrata

Limited area of activity vow

Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)

7

Bhoga-Upbhoga Vrata

Limited use of consumable and non-consumable items vow

Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)

8

Anartha-danda Vrata

Avoidance of purposeless sins vow

Merit Vow (Guna-vrat)

9

Samayik Vrata

Meditation vow of limited duration

Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)

10

Desavakasika Vrata

Activity vow of limiting space

Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)

11

Pausadha Vrata

Ascetic's life Vow of limited duration

Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)

12

Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata

Limited charity vow

Disciplinary Vow (Siksha-vrat)

B) Compilation by JVB London:

1

Ahimsa-vrata

Refrain from gross violence

2

Satya-vrata

Refrain from gross untruth

3

Asteya-vrata

Non-stealing

4

Brahma-vrata

Celibacy

5

Aparigraha-vrata

Non-possessiveness & non-attachment

6

Dig-vrata

Restriction in activities in various directions

7

Bhogopabhoga-parimana-vrata

Limiting objects of daily use

8

Anartha-danda-vrata

Refraining from negative activities (like gambling etc.)

9

Samayika-vrata

Obtaining equanimity (contemplation)

10

Desavakasika-vrata

Keeping limits on consumable and non-consumable goods for certain durations

11

Posadhopavasa-vrata

Fasting, praying and temporarily living like a monk or nun - in a spiritual place for at least 24 hours

12

Dana-vrata

Offering food and shelter to monks and nuns, helping fellow house-holders


The five great vows are adopted by monks.

see: Mahavratas

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