Posted: 12.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Sthanakvasi 1. History In 1017 a movement of Shvetambara monks in the capital Saurashtra tried to break the power of the caityavasis, temple-dwelling monks, who governed the Jain community. This group, the vanavasi, forest-dwellers, partially succeeded by setting up their own community based more on traditional values. But it was with Lonka, a mysterious figure who lived in Gujarat in...
Posted: 12.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Shvetambar Terapanth 1. Doctrine Acarya Bhiksu took the concept of ahimsa, non-violence, to an extreme that alienated his sect from the Jain community. An important influence for the inspiration of both Terapanthi and Sthanakvasi doctrine came from Lonka, who lived in the fifteenth century. The Terapanthis follow some Sthanakvasi doctrine, including the permanent wearing of the muhpatti,...
Posted: 12.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Nav Terapanth 1. Doctrine The Nav Terapanth (New Terapanth) is the latest division within Jainism. When a harsh ascetic monastic order is supported by a wealthy commercial class laity there is the incipient danger of constant dissension and division, particularly when the ascetics attempt, as Acarya Tulsi of the Shvetambara Terapanthis has done, to reinterpret the ancient rigid tradition...
Posted: 12.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Kavi Panth 1. History Raychandbhai Mehta (1867-1901) was given the honorific name Srimad Rajacandra by his devotees, and the Kavi Panth is sometimes known by this name. He was born in Vavania, a small port in Gujarat, in a family that was part Hindu and part Jain. His grandfather was a devout Vaishnava and his mother a Sthanakvasi Jain (the Vaishnavas have always been vegetarians - in...
Posted: 06.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Kharatara Gaccha 1. Doctrines Kharatara Gaccha is the second most important of the Shvetambara gacchas. One of the alternative names of the Kharatara Gaccha is the Vidhisangha, the Assembly based on Scriptural Injunction. The Kharatara approach to the ascetic life is through referral to the literal words of sacred texts. The Kharataras live outside the temples and the temple-dwelling...
Posted: 06.07.2011
 
History and Doctrine of Tapa Gaccha 1. Doctrines Tapa Gaccha is the most important and numerous image-worshipping Shvetambara sect. In medieval times within Jainism a number of gacchas, sub-groups, grew among the Shvetambaras. Differences between these gacchas are usually of a minor nature, and the formation of the gaccha was based mainly on local communities or through following a Jain holy man. In the...
Posted: 01.03.2011
 
History of Shvetambar Terapanth Order 1. Beginning of Jainism Jainism is supposed to be the oldest living religion. According to the Jain tradition it was founded by Bhagwan Rishaba in the pre-historical era. Rishabha was the first Jina hence he is often called Adi-natha, the first lord. He is mentioned in most of the Hindu Puranas, i.e. Markandeya, Kurma, Vayu, Garuda, Brahmanda, Varaha, Linga, Vishnu, Skandha...

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