Mahāvīra and His Teachings

Posted: 08.03.2011
Updated on: 31.07.2012


Mahavira and His Teachings


This miscellany volume contains a collection of essay by the most important scholars on Jainology, both from India and the Western World. The collection was published on the occasion of 2500th anniversary of Bhagavan Mahavira's Nirvana.

Editorial Board:

  • Dr. A.N. Upadhye
  • Dr. Nathmal Tatia
  • Pt. Dalsukh Malvania
  • Dr. Mohanlal Mehta
  • Dr. Nemichand Shastri
  • Pt. Kailashchandra Shast


C.C. Shah, Rishabhdas Ranka


Bhagavan Mahavira 2500th Nirvana Mahotsava Samiti, Bombay




vii + 461


16 x 24 cm

Editorial Note:

Bhagvān Mahāvīra who as a great religious leader dominated sixth century B. C. in India is one of the greatest champions of dignity of man. According to him even the gods crave for human birth and are inferior to men. To have the freedom from bondage is the exclusive right of man according to him. Thus he is the first amongst other religious leaders to establish the human-right for freedom. Not only this he was the first amongst all religious leader to proclaim that all living beings have equal right to live on this earth and so no one should be killed for the selfish end. This type of non-violence was preached for the first time by him proclaiming the Sāmāyika. i.e., equality for all the living beings. This Sāmāyika was the basic vow for the aspirant for freedom. And he said that one cannot be a non-violent person unless he rejects all his possessions, i.e., he should be free from desire and attachment.

Science has made great progress in achieving the human comforts no doubt but the human community has become greedy and violent and the invention of the atom bomb in the hand of some is a great threat not only to the human society, as a whole but to all the living beings. In such circumstances it is necessary to remember our ancient preachers like Mahāvīra and Buddha who have found out the way of liberation, freedom and peace for the living beings.

In view of the fact that 2500th year of Nirvana of Bhagavān Mahāvīra, the last Tīrthaṅkara of the Jainas was due on 13th Nov. 1974, the Jaina Community established the "Bhagavān Mahāvīra 2500th Nirvana Mahotsava Samiti" in Bombay in 1968 for the celebrations of the historic event in a proper manner. Lord Mahāvīra was not the leader of the Jainas only. He was one of the many great men produced by humanity throughout the world in the past. And hence the Government of India also took interest in celebrations and sponsored the celebrations throughout India.

In order to perpetuate the memory of the celebrations it was thought proper by the said Mahotsva Samiti, that literature of abiding value should be published. So, the Samiti resolved to publish two volumes in memory of the celebrations - (1) Jainism through the ages and (2) Mahāvīra and his Teachings. - The Samiti established an Editorial Board for the purpose and one senior member of the Board, Dr. A.N. Upadhye was requested to be in charge of the correspondence with the scholars. Dr. Upadhye established the contacts with many scholars and was able to collect the articles from them for two volumes. Dr. Upadhye was keen in publishing the volumes. With the co-operation of other members of the Editorial Board he finalised the press copy of this volume and it was given to the press in March 1974. But it is a matter of great regret that the publication is delayed due to the circumstances beyond our control and Dr. Upadhye passed away on 8th Oct., 1975 without seeing the results of his scholarly labour in producing this volume. Only with heavy heart we have to remember and thank the departed scholar.

We have to thank all the contributors of this volume, which includes only the English Articles. The Hindi articles are to be published in a separate volume. We must apologise all the learned scholars who have contributed to this volume for the delay in publishing this volume. During these years our contributors - Dr. Williams, Dr. Buddha Prakash and Prof. Nilkanta Shastri passed away and we regret for them.

We have to thank Shri Bal Patil who helped Dr. Upadhye in collecting the articles and in editorial work. Our thanks are also due to Shri Ramesh D. Malvania who assisted in Editing and also shouldered very gladly the responsibility of seeing the volume through the press.

We hope that the Samiti will also publish in due course the Hindi articles of this volume and also the volume 'Jainism through the ages' which requires some articles to be added.

Editorial Board is grateful to the Mahotsava Samiti for giving an opportunity to serve a good cause.

D.D. Malvania

Member Editorial Board


I. Literature


L. Alsdorf

►Jaina exegetical literature and the history of the Jaina canon


K.R. Norman

Kaviliyam: A metrical analysis of the eighth chapter of the Uttaradhyayana-sutra.


C. Tripathi/B. Bhatt

The barasa anuvekkha of Kundakunda


V. Muthuccumaru

Jivakacintamani, a channel of Mahaviras teachings


L. Sternbach

On some non-canonical subhasita collections in Jaina literature


L.A. Schwarzschild

Variant forms of the locative in middle indo-aryan


E. Bender

Towards a lexicon of old-gujarati

II. Religion


P.S. Jaini

Bhavyatva and abhavyatva. A Jain doctrine of 'predestination'


C. Caillat

Fasting unto death according to Ayaranga-sutta and to some Painnayas


K.C. Sogani

Jaina mysticism


S.B.P. Sinha

Relevance of Jaina ethics in the present age


H. Rau

Jainism and influences from western social reformers in Gandhiji's weltanschauung


G.R. Jain

Hindu and Jaina concepts of Mahapralaya versus modern science


S. Gajapathi

How it works

III. Mahavira


L. Smith Kremser

In Jainism, o rejoice (poem)


A. L. Basham

Mahavira, the great profounder of Jainism


J. Deleu

Lord Mahavira and the Anyatirthikas


A. Banerji

►The Age of Mahavira


A.S. Gopani

"Thus spake Mahavira"


K.R. Chandra

Vardhamana Mahavira


K.M. Patel

Lord Mahavira and his teachings


T. Singh 'Komal'

Lord Mahavira (poem)

III. Philosophy


R.N. Mukerji

The Jaina logic of sevenfold predication


B.N. Jhaveri

Consideration of self in Jaina philosophy


B.N. Sinha

Concept of substance in Jainism


V.M. Kulkarni

Niyativada (pre-destination, fatalism, determinism). A study

V. History


R. Williams

Accounts of the Jainas taken from sixteenth and seventeenth century authors


B. Prakesh

The genesis of Digambara - Svetambara split


V.V. Mirashi

Patronage to Jainism by the Silaharas of Kolhapur


K.A.N. Shastri/ V. Ramasubramaniyam

The ascendency and eclypse of Bhagavan Mahavira's cult in the Tamil land


V.G. Nair



V.G. Nair

Antiquity of Jainism in Tamilnad

VI. Art


K. Bruhn

►Further observations on the iconography of Parsvanatha


H.D. Sankalia

Earliest Jaina inscription from Maharashtra


N.P. Joshi

Jaina metal images in the State Museum, Lucknow


M.N.P. Tiwari

Jaina images in the Archaeological Museum, Khajuraho


B. Upadhyay

►Mahavira icon and Indian archaeology


A. Krishna

Farther-eye in the East Indian and Nepalese painting


D.N. Shukla

Is Jainism an opponent of Hinduism?


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