Posted: 15.10.2012
By Moriz Winternitz
The essay by the German indologist Moritz Winternitz was published in The Golden Book of Tagore , published on the occasion of the seventieth birthday of Rabindranath Tagore in 1931. The author is well-known for his three-volume study on History of Indian Literature (German Title: Geschichte der indischen Literatur , 3 vol., Leipzig 1905-1922). This reissued paper on Ahiṁsā presents, however, an unkonwn...
Posted: 11.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. III. One auspicious morning of the year 1908 a large meeting assembled in the premises of the Yaśovijaya Jaina Pāṭhaśālā, under the presidency of His Highness the Maharaja of Benares. It was for the purpose of presenting to Dharma Vijaya a sa ṃ mānapatra signed by...
Posted: 10.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. II. The chaturm ā sa of the year 1900 was spent in Mahuwa, Dharma Vijaya's native place. Since his consecration as a monk in 1887, he had never been in his native place again. When he arrived there in 1900, he found his father dead, but his mother and his sisters and others...
Posted: 09.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. I. If I were called upon to express my opinion - of whatever value my poor opinion may be - concerning the Jain Ācārya Vijaya Dharma Sūri, I should not hesitate to say that he is the most noteworthy figure of whom the entire Jain community of India may boast at the present...
Posted: 19.04.2012
By C.R. Jain
The text, based on a lecture given by C.R. Jain, is an interesting document of contemporary history, which gives an impression of the interpretation of Ahiṁsā in the 1930's, when the struggle for independence changed the Indian society and the world feared of a second world-war. Hence, the author's opinion on marriage, women equalities etc. reflects the spirit of time and must be read in the historical...
Posted: 18.04.2012
By C.R. Jain
Comparative Antiquity of Jainism (1934) I propose in this article to place before the world, the result of investigation in comparative religion, in so far as it tends to fix the comparative ages of the two of the world's oldest religions, namely, Jainism and Hinduism. I am aware that my views are not very likely to be acceptable to the generality of the readers at present, but ī am confident that they shall...
Posted: 05.04.2012
By Paul Thomas
This article based on a chapter of the book by Paul Thomas on Hindu Religion. Customs and Manners (Describing the Customs and Manners, Religious, Social and Domestic Life, Arts and Sciences of the Hindus, Bombay: D.B. Taraporevala, 1948). In addition to the informative depiction of Jain religion, the photos and illustrations are of special historic interest. Vardhamana, called Mahavira (the great hero), the...
Posted: 23.11.2011
 
This paper was published in 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 1, January 1935, pp. 21-24). To illustrate the site of Badami some modern pictures are added to the text. The Rock Caves at Badami Certain of the Indian rock-cave temples are well-known, partly because they are within easy distance of the railway and large cities, and partly because travellers have frequently described them. But the caves at...
Posted: 22.11.2011
By James Burgess
This paper was published by the Archaeological Department, H.E.H. the Nizam's Gavernment and reprinted in August 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 8, pp. 21-24). To illustrate the site of Ellora some modern pictures are added to the text. The Ellora Cave Temples (Cave XXXII Indra Sabha) The Indra Sabha, so called, is rather the group of Jain caves than a single cave and its appendages: in reality two...
Posted: 14.11.2011
 
This biographical paper was published in January 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 1, pp. 1-8). Life and Work of Shrimati Magan Bai Born on the 5th January 1880, Jain Mahila Katna, Shrimati Magan Bai, Justice of the Peace (J. P.), or as she was affectionately called Magan Ben, was a pioneer worker in the cause of the emancipation of Jain womanhood. She was the daughter of Dana-Veera, Jain Kula-Bhushana...
Posted: 09.11.2011
 
Khandagiri and Udayagiri are situated about 5 miles from Bhuvaneshwar. 44 caves have, so far, been found in Udayagiri and 21 in Khandagiri. Many of them appear to have been excavated in the 4th or 5th century B.C. The peculiarity of almost all the caves is that a bench of stone runs round the three sides of the front veranda. The two walls of the veranda are so hollowed out at the top as to present the...
Posted: 09.11.2011
 
This article was published in June 1948 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLV, No. 6, pp. 57-58). Faith, Knowledge and Conduct – Umaswati's Tattvarthadhigama Sutra Umaswati, a scholar-saint who flourished in the 2nd century composed a sacred book and named it Tattvarthadhigama Sutra. The name means a treatise on the essential principles. The book is a collection of aphorisms (Sutras). An aphorism is a highly...
Posted: 08.11.2011
By H. L. Jain
This article was published in June 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, No. 6, pp. 84-86) on the occasion of a misunderstanding speech by Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail, who was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of Mysore, Jaipur and Hyderabad in that time. So this paper, if considered as a source of contemporary history, depicts the superficial knowledge on Jainism among large parts of the Indian population of these...
Posted: 07.11.2011
 
This article was published in July 1948 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLV, No. 7, p. 67). Prehistoric History – Jain Puranic Literature The first, or elementry course of studies for beginners in Jainism is called Pratharnanuyoga. It is also known as Puranic literature or traditional lore. It may also be called ancient history. The oldest Puran or traditional history, which is held in high respect by Jains is a...
Posted: 28.07.2011
By J. L. Jaini
The paper was first published in January-February, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 1-2), pp. 18-20. Flexibility, Liberty and Equality of Jainism This was written in September 1906 by the late Mr. J. L. Jaini as an Introduction to the book "Life of Mahavira" by the late Mr. Manik Chand Jaini Advocate of Khandwa, published in 1908 [Editor of The Jaina Gazette ]. Mahavira was one of the greatest men of...
Posted: 21.07.2011
By Kanji Swami
The article of a lecture by Kanji Swami was first published in January-February 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, Number 1-2, pp. 3-5) Kanji Swami Maharaj Speaks (II) A right believer. A devotee of arihant feels, experiences no pain, no trouble. Nothing is too difficult for him. There is no obstacle in his path. He is out of the jungle. He will not stop in his progress until he attains the status of an...
Posted: 08.07.2011
 
The article describing a lecture given by was first published in July 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, Number 7, p. 97-98) Kanji Swami Maharaj Speaks (I) The saint of Songadh has in a discourse exposed some prevalent fallacies, which have warped the views, and restricted the progress of Jains and Jainism. He says that very many ostensibly devout and religious men believe s amyak-darshan, right faith, to...
Posted: 30.06.2011
By Yogi Videhananda
This paper, published in Febrary 1944 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLI, No. 2, pp. 21-23), should be primarily treated as a source of contemporary history. In this respect the author's opinion of battle may be understood as a result of India's struggle for freedom and liberation in the years of second world war. Inspite of the doctrine of Ahimsa, battles and war are a common subject of Jain narratives which is...
Posted: 23.06.2011
By Charles Freer Andrews
The paper by Charles Freer Andrews, who became one of the closest friends and associates of Mahatma Gandhi, was first published in 1925 in the Current Thought and reprinted in June 1943 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XXXX (No. 6), p. 91-93. It is well known among historians that Andrews met Albert Schweitzer and introduced him to the doctrine of Gandhi, but this paper is one of the few evidences of the encounter,...
Posted: 16.06.2011
By Prof. S. Hanumantha Rao
The paper was first published in the Deccan Chronicle and reprinted in August, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 8), p. 120. For the online reissue some old pictures showing impressions of Indra Sabha, which is mentioned in the paper, were added. Contribution of Jainism to the Ancient Glory of the Andhras Like Buddhism, Jainism played an important part in the history of the Deccan from the 5th century...
Posted: 09.06.2011
By Jagat Prasad
The paper was first published in May, 1944 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLI (No. 5), pp. 67-70. For the online reissue some miniature paintings of Jaina cosmology from ancient manuscripts were added. The Physical Universe in Jainism Jainism accepts the world of sense perceptions as real, and makes all knowledge based on sense perception relative to time and space. The only absolute knowledge is that of the...
Posted: 26.05.2011
 
The following article was published in February 1943 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XXXX (No. 2), p. 21-22. As a document of contemporary history this paper is of special interest since it describes Radhakrishnan's attitude of towards Gandhi and his liberation movement. When Radhakrishnan held this lecture, Gandhi was under arrest in Pune since four months and has been released only two years later due to health...
Posted: 19.05.2011
By Elisabeth Fraser
After the World's Parliament of Religions , held 1893 in Chicago, where Jainism was presented first to an interested public, a number of books and essays had been published on Jain dharma as the root of Christian doctrine. In this context the following text by Elisabeth Fraser must be seen as the result of the first encounter of Jainism and western culture on a par, and as an important source of contemporary...
Posted: 12.05.2011
By Hermann Jacobi
This extract from a lecture by Hermann Jacobi was first published in august 1914 in the Shri Jaina Swetambara Conference Herald and was reissued later in the introductory section of the eight-volume edition Śramaṇa Bhagavān Mahāvῑra by Muni Ratna Prabha Vijaya (Volume I, Part I: Life, Ahmedabad: Śri Jaina Siddhānta Society, 1948, second edition, pp. 78-80). Extract from a Lecture by Hermann Jacobi In a...
Posted: 04.05.2011
By Hermann Jacobi
This less known paper by Hermann Jacobi was presented on september 17th, 1908 on the occasion of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions , held at Oxford on September 15th - 18th, 1908. The paper was published in the conference transcript "Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions" (Edited by P. S. Allen and J. de Johnson. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1908,...
Posted: 21.04.2011
By Mathew McKay
The following essay was published in December, 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), p. 133-140. The Great Secret [ The essay is written from the devotional standpoint. From the spiritual point of view, a Jina is above all feeling, all desire, all likes, all dislikes, all-centered in Himself, Self-absorbed, and Self-circumferenced. - Editor of The Jaina Gazette] Why is the world in such dire distress?...
Posted: 14.04.2011
By Annie Besant
The following essay was published from the literary estate of Dr. Annie Besant in December 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), pp. 141-142. The Doctrine of Karma Few things, perhaps are so dangerous as a little knowledge of the law of Karma. And unhappily many of us have stopped at the point of a little knowledge. We need to remember how Karma is made up, and judge it by what we know, and not by what...
Posted: 07.04.2011
By Ajit Prasada
The following essay was published in December, 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), p. 138. Sat, Chit and Anand The three words, Sat, Chit and Anand which form the above compound expression Sachchidananda, are expressive of the inherent distinguishing attributes of the pure perfect soul. The soul is Sat. It is. It exists. It is never non-existent. It was never created. It never came into being for the...
Posted: 31.03.2011
By H. L. Jain
The short paper was published in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV, Number 4, April 1947, pp. 52-53 as an additional note of the essay on Jaina Plantology by J. L. Jaini. Wheather a Tree Has a Single Soul or Many? The above question has been asked by a friend in England, who has adopted the Jaina faith. He is a fruit grower, and asks that if he removes from a tree, four hundred twigs or slips or cuttings as they...
Posted: 24.03.2011
By J. L. Jaini
The following essay was first published in April 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 4), pp. 49-52 , including an additorial note titled "Wheather a Tree Has a Single Soul or Many?" . Jain Plantology [ The article published below was written by J. L. Jaini over twenty years ago (i.e. 1926, Editor HN4U) . A careful reading and thinking over it will, we hope demonstrate to our readers the folly of...
Posted: 17.03.2011
 
The essay was published in August, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 8), p. 114. As a contemporary historical source it illustrates an aspect of the political and social situation of the Jain community shortly after Indian independance Jainism is the Science of Life Jainism is not merely a religion which is used as a label, a group name for a certain class of people, or a set of beliefs to be...
Posted: 03.03.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in January issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University, 1934. For the online reissue some pictures of Jaina miniature paintings were added to illustrate medieavel court life according to Jaina sources. The Jaina Canon and Early Indian-Court Life From the canonical writings of a religion one is prepared to gain insight into its dogma, ethics, philosophical ideas, and the...
Posted: 24.02.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in June issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University 1930. As a contemporary historical source the essay illustrates the situation of Jainism in the early 20th century as seen by the German scholar Dr. (Mrs.) Charlotte Krause, who became a follower of Jain religion just a few years before. The Social Atmosphere of Present Jainism Jainism is one of the oldest religions of...
Posted: 17.02.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in August issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University, 1932. Pythagoras: The Vegetarian Ever since Western scholars have occupied themselves with India's time-honoured culture, they have noted again and again that all the utterances of her spirituality are characterized by a promi­nently religious attitude, extant even in her attainments in the historical and scientific...
Posted: 03.02.2011
By Amarnath Audich
The essay was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand Desai, Bombay 1936, pp. 97-100. Shri Atma Ramji and his many sided activities Atmaramji was a born leader. His life is replete with multifarious activities. Some of them are mentioned here. I. In the field of religion 1. Restoration of...
Posted: 27.01.2011
By Krishnaswami Aiyangar
The essay was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand Desai, Bombay 1936, pp. 101-106. Jainism in South India The entry of Jainism in South India still continues to be an obscure problem notwithstanding the great advance made in historical research within recent years. The earliest monuments of...
Posted: 20.01.2011
By Appaswami Chakravarti
The essay was published in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLII, Number 3, March 1945, pp. 14-17 as a critical commentary to an article by Jagat Prasad ("Jaina Ethics") from The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLII, Number 1, January 1945, pp. 2-5. Jaina Ethics (II) With reference to the article under the above caption by Mr. Jagat Prasad, which appeared on pages 2-5 of the Jaina Gazette for January, 1945 , Rao Bahadur...
Posted: 13.01.2011
By Jagat Prasad
The essay was published in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLII, Number 1, February 1945, pp. 2-5. Jaina Ethics (I) Jainism is regarded by some scholars than logical or metaphysical. The earliest as essentially an ethical system, but the Jain teacher, recognised as a historical reasons for this view are historical rather character, was Parsvanath who flourished about 800 B.C. and he is best known as the author of four...
Posted: 07.01.2011
 
The Philosophy of Karma The essay was published in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLII, Number 2, February 1945, pp. 8-9. Notes of a paper read by Mr. Ajit Prasada at the religious section of the Indian Philosophical Congress at Lucknow in December, 1944. The word Karma, as commonly understood, means and signifies "action". It has been used in this sense in the Gita and in the often-quoted verse:...
Posted: 30.12.2010
By Chandragupta Jain
The essay was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand Desai, Bombay 1936, pp. 67-70. Shri Atmaramji Maharaj - An Appreciation "To be weak is the true misery" - Carlyle. Individuals become great or small, shine like the sun on people's memory or sink into the deep pit of oblivion and are...
Posted: 01.12.2010
By Puran Chand Nahar
The following two-part essay is a compilation of two short papers published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand Desai, Bombay 1936, pp. 1-2 and 10-11. The first section is written by Puran Chand Nahar while for the biographical essay of the second section an author is not stated. The Great Atmaramji A...
Posted: 24.11.2010
By B. R. J. Zira
The following biographical essay was published in The Jaina Gazette Vol. XXXII, No. 12 (December 1935), pp. 454-459. It is not only the describing of the life and achievements of a scholarly Acharya and social reformer but also an illustration of the situation of Jainism at the end of 19th century. Jain Acharya Shrimad Vijaya Anand Suri Swami Atma Ramji Maharaj India, in the nineteenth century, produced a...
Posted: 18.11.2010
By Walther Schubring
The short essay by the famous German indologist Walther Schubring depicts the situation of Jaina Studies in the 1930's. Maybe this explanation is a good reason for the today's Jainology to examine the contemporary state of Jaina research. The article was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand...
Posted: 12.11.2010
By Bimala Churn Law
The author of the following article was a scholar of Indology, focused on Buddhist studies. Supposable, the short essay was the result of his first serious encounter with Jaina records. In 1949, more than ten years after writing that article, he published his book Some Jaina Canonical Sutras . The article was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand...
Posted: 23.10.2010
 
The following article was published in July, 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 7), pp. 61-62 Six Daily Duities of a Jain Layman Every person who professes Jainism, but has not renounced the world and is what is called a 'Grihastha' or a house­holder should observe, day after day, the following six religious duties. 1. Worship of the adorable There are five grades of worshipable human beings varying in...
Posted: 19.10.2010
By Dr. Hirananda Sastri
The following article was published in Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Janma Shatabdi Smarak Grantha (Jainacharya Shri Atmanand Centenary Commemoration Volume), edited by Mohanlal Dalichand Desai, Bombay 1936, pp. 63-66. Jain Influence on the Architecture of Gujarat India does not possess very ancient structures. Excavations at Mohenjo-daro in Sind and Harappa in the Punjab have revealed remains of several cities...
Posted: 13.10.2010
 
The following article was first published in June 1943 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XXXX (No. 6), pp. 83-85 Jainism is the Oldest Religion Presiding at the Mahavira Birth­day celebrations at Madras, Sir Shanmukham Chetty said:— I welcome the present opportunity of participating in this function, and to show my devotion and reverence for the Great GURU . It is beyond my capacity to say anything about the...

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