Posted: 15.10.2012
By Moriz Winternitz
The essay by the German indologist Moritz Winternitz was published in The Golden Book of Tagore , published on the occasion of the seventieth birthday of Rabindranath Tagore in 1931. The author is well-known for his three-volume study on History of Indian Literature (German Title: Geschichte der indischen Literatur , 3 vol., Leipzig 1905-1922). This reissued paper on Ahiṁsā presents, however, an unkonwn...
Posted: 12.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. S. Prabhakar
The paper was published in February 1982 in Pratishthapana - A Commemoration Volume of the Pratishthapana and the Mahamastakabhisheka Ceremons of Bhagawan Bahubali at Dharmasthala , pp. 9-11. The colossal statue of Bhagawan Bahubali that now stands on the hillock, Bahubali Vihar, at Dharmasthala is a piece of marvellous granite sculpture carved in recent years. It is one of the greatest sculptures of its kind...
Posted: 11.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. III. One auspicious morning of the year 1908 a large meeting assembled in the premises of the Yaśovijaya Jaina Pāṭhaśālā, under the presidency of His Highness the Maharaja of Benares. It was for the purpose of presenting to Dharma Vijaya a sa ṃ mānapatra signed by...
Posted: 10.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. II. The chaturm ā sa of the year 1900 was spent in Mahuwa, Dharma Vijaya's native place. Since his consecration as a monk in 1887, he had never been in his native place again. When he arrived there in 1900, he found his father dead, but his mother and his sisters and others...
Posted: 09.05.2012
By Luigi Pio Tessitori
This essay by Dr. Luigi Pio Tessitory was completed on 16th November, 1917 at Bikaner and published by Shri Vriddhichandraji Jain Sabha. I. If I were called upon to express my opinion - of whatever value my poor opinion may be - concerning the Jain Ācārya Vijaya Dharma Sūri, I should not hesitate to say that he is the most noteworthy figure of whom the entire Jain community of India may boast at the present...
Posted: 19.04.2012
By C.R. Jain
The text, based on a lecture given by C.R. Jain, is an interesting document of contemporary history, which gives an impression of the interpretation of Ahiṁsā in the 1930's, when the struggle for independence changed the Indian society and the world feared of a second world-war. Hence, the author's opinion on marriage, women equalities etc. reflects the spirit of time and must be read in the historical...
Posted: 18.04.2012
By C.R. Jain
Comparative Antiquity of Jainism (1934) I propose in this article to place before the world, the result of investigation in comparative religion, in so far as it tends to fix the comparative ages of the two of the world's oldest religions, namely, Jainism and Hinduism. I am aware that my views are not very likely to be acceptable to the generality of the readers at present, but ī am confident that they shall...
Posted: 05.04.2012
By Paul Thomas
This article based on a chapter of the book by Paul Thomas on Hindu Religion. Customs and Manners (Describing the Customs and Manners, Religious, Social and Domestic Life, Arts and Sciences of the Hindus, Bombay: D.B. Taraporevala, 1948). In addition to the informative depiction of Jain religion, the photos and illustrations are of special historic interest. Vardhamana, called Mahavira (the great hero), the...
Posted: 03.04.2012
By Ratachand Hirachand
The paper, published in September 1977 in Hindutva (Vol. VIII, No. 6, pp. 19-25, 32), was primarily adressed to a Hindu readership to improve their knowledge on Jainism. In this sense the essay gives an interesting overview of some aspects of Jaina religion, even if the information on the Dravidas, given in the last section, is not reliable from an academic point of view. Before the 19th Century, the...
Posted: 29.03.2012
By Prof. Lothar Wendel
The paper was published in The Voice of Ahinsa - The Indo-German Special Number (Vol. VI, No. 10 - October 1956, pp. 367-377, 397) Some of the greatest achievements of Western Literature betray a peculiar relationship to Eastern Thought. So the cosmology of Dante's ' Divine Comedy' is according to Heinrich Zimmer strangely similar to Jain cosmology. In the great philosophical novel of Honore de Balzac ' Peau de...
Posted: 27.03.2012
By Ramesh Chandra Dutt
This paper by Ramesh Chandra Dutt (1848-1909), a contemporary and companion of Swami Vivekananda, is an interesting source of interreligious studies and shows the view of a learned Hindu writer of the late 19 th century on Jaina religion. The paper was reissued in April 1977 in Hindutva (Vol. VII, No. 1, pp. 21-29). The Jaina religion has long been considered as an offshoot from the religion proclaimed by...
Posted: 07.02.2012
By Herbert V. Dr. Guenther
The paper was published in The Voice of Ahinsa - The Indo-German Special Number (Vol. VI, No. 10 - October 1956, pp. 408ff.). Buddha and Mahavira Buddha and Mahavira; These are not merely two systems to be classified as such among the various manifestations of human thought, they are also two distinct human natures, which often have been inimically opposed to each other and yet are united by the common striving...
Posted: 19.01.2012
By Wilfried Nölle
The paper was published in the book Impact of Indian Thought on German Poets and Philosophers (The Jaina Academy Publications 7, Aliganj (Etah): The World Jain Mission, 1963, pp. 10-28). As a contemporary historical source the essay illustrates of the situation of Indology and Jaina Studies in post-war Germany. Indology and Jaina Studies in Germany I. German Studies in Indology 1. A Long List of Names The...
Posted: 06.01.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
This paper was published in October 1956 in The Voice of Ahinsa – The Indo-German Special Number (Vol. VI, No. 10, pp. 398-407). Jain Studies in Germany (II) 2. Klaus Bruhn (Research Scholar in Poona, pupil of W. Schubring and L. Alsdorf). “ Ś īlāṅka's Cauppa ṇṇ amahāpurisacariya” (Sīlāṅka's C. - A Contribution to the Study of the Jain Universal History), ANIST 8, 1954. - The analysis of...
Posted: 05.01.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
This paper was published in October 1956 in The Voice of Ahinsa – The Indo-German Special Number (Vol. VI, No. 10, pp. 398-407). Jain Studies in Germany (I) Part I: 1858-1935 H. Th. Colebrooke's “Observations on the sect of Jains“ had marked the beginning of Jain studies. In 1858, half a century later, an essay by Albrecht Weber “Über das Śatruñjaya Māhātmyam“ (On the Śatruñjaya Māhātmyam)...
Posted: 23.11.2011
 
This paper was published in 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 1, January 1935, pp. 21-24). To illustrate the site of Badami some modern pictures are added to the text. The Rock Caves at Badami Certain of the Indian rock-cave temples are well-known, partly because they are within easy distance of the railway and large cities, and partly because travellers have frequently described them. But the caves at...
Posted: 22.11.2011
By James Burgess
This paper was published by the Archaeological Department, H.E.H. the Nizam's Gavernment and reprinted in August 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 8, pp. 21-24). To illustrate the site of Ellora some modern pictures are added to the text. The Ellora Cave Temples (Cave XXXII Indra Sabha) The Indra Sabha, so called, is rather the group of Jain caves than a single cave and its appendages: in reality two...
Posted: 15.11.2011
By Kamta Prasad Jain
This paper was published in October 1956 in The Voice of Ahinsa – The Indo-German Special Number (Vol. VI, No. 10, pp. 451-455). Where East and West Meet It cannot but be admitted that human nature in reality is the same every where and in every time, for, it is based on the immortality and universal consciousness of soul. Outer differences have little force and meaning before the reality of Life. No doubt,...
Posted: 14.11.2011
 
This biographical paper was published in January 1935 in The Jaina Gazette (Vol. XXXII, No. 1, pp. 1-8). Life and Work of Shrimati Magan Bai Born on the 5th January 1880, Jain Mahila Katna, Shrimati Magan Bai, Justice of the Peace (J. P.), or as she was affectionately called Magan Ben, was a pioneer worker in the cause of the emancipation of Jain womanhood. She was the daughter of Dana-Veera, Jain Kula-Bhushana...
Posted: 09.11.2011
 
Khandagiri and Udayagiri are situated about 5 miles from Bhuvaneshwar. 44 caves have, so far, been found in Udayagiri and 21 in Khandagiri. Many of them appear to have been excavated in the 4th or 5th century B.C. The peculiarity of almost all the caves is that a bench of stone runs round the three sides of the front veranda. The two walls of the veranda are so hollowed out at the top as to present the...
Posted: 09.11.2011
 
This article was published in June 1948 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLV, No. 6, pp. 57-58). Faith, Knowledge and Conduct – Umaswati's Tattvarthadhigama Sutra Umaswati, a scholar-saint who flourished in the 2nd century composed a sacred book and named it Tattvarthadhigama Sutra. The name means a treatise on the essential principles. The book is a collection of aphorisms (Sutras). An aphorism is a highly...
Posted: 08.11.2011
By H. L. Jain
This article was published in June 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, No. 6, pp. 84-86) on the occasion of a misunderstanding speech by Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail, who was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of Mysore, Jaipur and Hyderabad in that time. So this paper, if considered as a source of contemporary history, depicts the superficial knowledge on Jainism among large parts of the Indian population of these...
Posted: 07.11.2011
 
This article was published in July 1948 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLV, No. 7, p. 67). Prehistoric History – Jain Puranic Literature The first, or elementry course of studies for beginners in Jainism is called Pratharnanuyoga. It is also known as Puranic literature or traditional lore. It may also be called ancient history. The oldest Puran or traditional history, which is held in high respect by Jains is a...
Posted: 20.10.2011
By Prof. Dr. Charles Samuel Braden
This paper by the Scholar of Religions Prof. Charles Samuel Braden was published in the Lord Mahavira Special Number of the periodical The Voice of Ahinsa (Vol. VI, No. 3-4, March-April 1956, pp. 71-72. Mahāvīra and Jesus In the course of a series of lectures on Jesus and the Other Founders of Religion which I gave recently at Northwestern University, Evanston, III, I considered among the other great founders...
Posted: 13.10.2011
By Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Tucci
This paper by the Scholar of Tibetan Studies Prof. Giuseppe Tucci was published in the Lord Mahavira Special Number of the periodical The Voice of Ahinsa (Vol. VI, No. 3-4, March-April 1956, pp. 69-70. Mahāvīra Jainism presents itself with the same characteristic as Buddhism: an ascesis, a moral discipline, the glorification of a Teacher, which due to concessions to the exigences of the masses transforms...
Posted: 28.09.2011
By Jagdish Prasad Sharma
The essay was first published in April 1976 in the periodical Jain Journal and has been reissued later in the miscellany volume Jainthology (Ed. by Ganesh Lalawani, Calcutta: Jain Bhavan, 1991). Jainas as a Minority in Indian Society and History Jainas are the sixth most numerous religious group today after the Hindus (82.72%), Muslims (11.21%), Christians (2.60%), Sikhs (1.89%), and the Buddhists (0.70%). The...
Posted: 28.07.2011
By J. L. Jaini
The paper was first published in January-February, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 1-2), pp. 18-20. Flexibility, Liberty and Equality of Jainism This was written in September 1906 by the late Mr. J. L. Jaini as an Introduction to the book "Life of Mahavira" by the late Mr. Manik Chand Jaini Advocate of Khandwa, published in 1908 [Editor of The Jaina Gazette ]. Mahavira was one of the greatest men of...
Posted: 21.07.2011
By Kanji Swami
The article of a lecture by Kanji Swami was first published in January-February 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, Number 1-2, pp. 3-5) Kanji Swami Maharaj Speaks (II) A right believer. A devotee of arihant feels, experiences no pain, no trouble. Nothing is too difficult for him. There is no obstacle in his path. He is out of the jungle. He will not stop in his progress until he attains the status of an...
Posted: 08.07.2011
 
The article describing a lecture given by was first published in July 1947 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLIV, Number 7, p. 97-98) Kanji Swami Maharaj Speaks (I) The saint of Songadh has in a discourse exposed some prevalent fallacies, which have warped the views, and restricted the progress of Jains and Jainism. He says that very many ostensibly devout and religious men believe s amyak-darshan, right faith, to...
Posted: 30.06.2011
By Yogi Videhananda
This paper, published in Febrary 1944 in The Jaina Gazette (Volume XLI, No. 2, pp. 21-23), should be primarily treated as a source of contemporary history. In this respect the author's opinion of battle may be understood as a result of India's struggle for freedom and liberation in the years of second world war. Inspite of the doctrine of Ahimsa, battles and war are a common subject of Jain narratives which is...
Posted: 23.06.2011
By Charles Freer Andrews
The paper by Charles Freer Andrews, who became one of the closest friends and associates of Mahatma Gandhi, was first published in 1925 in the Current Thought and reprinted in June 1943 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XXXX (No. 6), p. 91-93. It is well known among historians that Andrews met Albert Schweitzer and introduced him to the doctrine of Gandhi, but this paper is one of the few evidences of the encounter,...
Posted: 16.06.2011
By Prof. S. Hanumantha Rao
The paper was first published in the Deccan Chronicle and reprinted in August, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 8), p. 120. For the online reissue some old pictures showing impressions of Indra Sabha, which is mentioned in the paper, were added. Contribution of Jainism to the Ancient Glory of the Andhras Like Buddhism, Jainism played an important part in the history of the Deccan from the 5th century...
Posted: 09.06.2011
By Jagat Prasad
The paper was first published in May, 1944 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLI (No. 5), pp. 67-70. For the online reissue some miniature paintings of Jaina cosmology from ancient manuscripts were added. The Physical Universe in Jainism Jainism accepts the world of sense perceptions as real, and makes all knowledge based on sense perception relative to time and space. The only absolute knowledge is that of the...
Posted: 02.06.2011
By Dr. Noel Q. King
The essay by the eminent research scholar on Jainism Noel Q. King was published in the book Jainism. A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence by Kurt Titze (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, 1998, pp. 249-253). Jaina Dawn in the West The saga of Western humanity's rise and fall and its life beyond the graves of the two world wars has a deep fascination and is of vital significance...
Posted: 26.05.2011
 
The following article was published in February 1943 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XXXX (No. 2), p. 21-22. As a document of contemporary history this paper is of special interest since it describes Radhakrishnan's attitude of towards Gandhi and his liberation movement. When Radhakrishnan held this lecture, Gandhi was under arrest in Pune since four months and has been released only two years later due to health...
Posted: 19.05.2011
By Elisabeth Fraser
After the World's Parliament of Religions , held 1893 in Chicago, where Jainism was presented first to an interested public, a number of books and essays had been published on Jain dharma as the root of Christian doctrine. In this context the following text by Elisabeth Fraser must be seen as the result of the first encounter of Jainism and western culture on a par, and as an important source of contemporary...
Posted: 12.05.2011
By Hermann Jacobi
This extract from a lecture by Hermann Jacobi was first published in august 1914 in the Shri Jaina Swetambara Conference Herald and was reissued later in the introductory section of the eight-volume edition Śramaṇa Bhagavān Mahāvῑra by Muni Ratna Prabha Vijaya (Volume I, Part I: Life, Ahmedabad: Śri Jaina Siddhānta Society, 1948, second edition, pp. 78-80). Extract from a Lecture by Hermann Jacobi In a...
Posted: 04.05.2011
By Hermann Jacobi
This less known paper by Hermann Jacobi was presented on september 17th, 1908 on the occasion of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions , held at Oxford on September 15th - 18th, 1908. The paper was published in the conference transcript "Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions" (Edited by P. S. Allen and J. de Johnson. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1908,...
Posted: 27.04.2011
By Jyoti Prasad Jain
The essay by the famous Indologist and Historian Dr. Jyoti Prasad Jain was published in the book Jainism. A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence by Kurt Titze (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, 1998, pp. 59-61) The Genesis and Spirit of Jaina Art The avowed aim of the Jaina religion is the perfection of man, or the transformation of the individual mundane soul (atman) into the...
Posted: 21.04.2011
By Mathew McKay
The following essay was published in December, 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), p. 133-140. The Great Secret [ The essay is written from the devotional standpoint. From the spiritual point of view, a Jina is above all feeling, all desire, all likes, all dislikes, all-centered in Himself, Self-absorbed, and Self-circumferenced. - Editor of The Jaina Gazette] Why is the world in such dire distress?...
Posted: 14.04.2011
By Annie Besant
The following essay was published from the literary estate of Dr. Annie Besant in December 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), pp. 141-142. The Doctrine of Karma Few things, perhaps are so dangerous as a little knowledge of the law of Karma. And unhappily many of us have stopped at the point of a little knowledge. We need to remember how Karma is made up, and judge it by what we know, and not by what...
Posted: 07.04.2011
By Ajit Prasada
The following essay was published in December, 1948 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLV (No. 12), p. 138. Sat, Chit and Anand The three words, Sat, Chit and Anand which form the above compound expression Sachchidananda, are expressive of the inherent distinguishing attributes of the pure perfect soul. The soul is Sat. It is. It exists. It is never non-existent. It was never created. It never came into being for the...
Posted: 31.03.2011
By H. L. Jain
The short paper was published in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV, Number 4, April 1947, pp. 52-53 as an additional note of the essay on Jaina Plantology by J. L. Jaini. Wheather a Tree Has a Single Soul or Many? The above question has been asked by a friend in England, who has adopted the Jaina faith. He is a fruit grower, and asks that if he removes from a tree, four hundred twigs or slips or cuttings as they...
Posted: 24.03.2011
By J. L. Jaini
The following essay was first published in April 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 4), pp. 49-52 , including an additorial note titled "Wheather a Tree Has a Single Soul or Many?" . Jain Plantology [ The article published below was written by J. L. Jaini over twenty years ago (i.e. 1926, Editor HN4U) . A careful reading and thinking over it will, we hope demonstrate to our readers the folly of...
Posted: 17.03.2011
 
The essay was published in August, 1947 in The Jaina Gazette , Vol. XLIV (No. 8), p. 114. As a contemporary historical source it illustrates an aspect of the political and social situation of the Jain community shortly after Indian independance Jainism is the Science of Life Jainism is not merely a religion which is used as a label, a group name for a certain class of people, or a set of beliefs to be...
Posted: 10.03.2011
By Adris Banerji
The short essay was published in the miscellany volume “Mah āvīra and His Teachings” , edited on the occasion of 2500th anniversary of Bhagavān Mahāvīra by A. N. Upadhye et al. (Bhagavān Mahāvīra 2500th Nirvāṇa Mahotsava Samiti, Bombay, pp. 195-198). The Age of Mahāv ī ra The one hundred years in approximate round numbers, 600 B.C. to 500 B.C., for many reasons was a brilliant epoch, not merely...
Posted: 03.03.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in January issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University, 1934. For the online reissue some pictures of Jaina miniature paintings were added to illustrate medieavel court life according to Jaina sources. The Jaina Canon and Early Indian-Court Life From the canonical writings of a religion one is prepared to gain insight into its dogma, ethics, philosophical ideas, and the...
Posted: 24.02.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in June issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University 1930. As a contemporary historical source the essay illustrates the situation of Jainism in the early 20th century as seen by the German scholar Dr. (Mrs.) Charlotte Krause, who became a follower of Jain religion just a few years before. The Social Atmosphere of Present Jainism Jainism is one of the oldest religions of...
Posted: 17.02.2011
By Dr. Charlotte Krause
The essay was published in August issue of the Journal Calcutta Review, Calcutta University, 1932. Pythagoras: The Vegetarian Ever since Western scholars have occupied themselves with India's time-honoured culture, they have noted again and again that all the utterances of her spirituality are characterized by a promi­nently religious attitude, extant even in her attainments in the historical and scientific...
Posted: 10.02.2011
By Dr. Luitgard Soni
The biographical essay on the German scholar Dr. (Mrs.) Charlotte Krause was published in the book German Jaina Śrāvikā Dr. Charlotte Krause. Her Life and Literature, pp. xxv-xxxvii. German Jaina Shravika Dr. Charlotte Krause - A Biography Dr. (Miss) Charlotte Krause's name has not been entirely unfamiliar to the academic world. She is known to both Western and Indian scholar of Indology, and especially to...

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