Posted: 17.07.2010
 
Transfer of Embryo view full size This painting relates to an event, which took place before the birth of Mahavira. He was first conceived by a Brahmin woman Devananda. When Sakra (indra) realized that Mahavira's parents were not Kshatriya, as is always the case of Tirthankara, he had the embryo of Mahavira transferred to the womb of Trishala, queen of King Siddharth, by Hiranegameshi, the commander of Sahra's...
Posted: 17.07.2010
 
Shri Siddha Chakra view full size Vase-shape mandala painted in brown has Arhat in the centre. The other four Arhats (Tirthankara), Siddha (liberated one), Acharya (mendicant leader), Upadhyaya (mendicant preceptor) and Sadhu (mendicant) are seated in the petals of the four cardinal directions. The rest of the four petals are blank. There are small shrines in all the four corners of the painting. King Shripala...
Posted: 16.07.2010
 
Vardhamana Vidya Yantra Pata view full size Like Samavasarana it has three enclosure walls opening through four gates in four directions. Except the gates rest of the yantra is without any engraving focusing on the main theme and purpose of the yantra. Tirthankara Mahavira, to whom all the prayers are ultimately directed, is sitting in the centre of the yantra with the sacred syllable - Hrim, largely written...
Posted: 15.07.2010
 
Sahasrafana Parshvanatha Pata view full size Sahasrafana Parshvanatha literally means Parshvanatha with a thousand snakehoods over his head. The theme of the painting is about Tirthankara Parshvanatha, Yaksha Dharanendra and Yakshini Padmavati is shown in varied and intricate composition. The episode took place when Parshvanatha was standing in deep meditation and Meghamalin showered torrential rains on him...
Posted: 14.07.2010
 
Shri Vardhamana Vidya Samavasarana Brihat Pata Samavasarana Painting view full size The galleries of the Samavasarana are indicated by three forts with big gates and a flight of steps each. The galleries are clean and uncluttered, suggesting the type of occupants by members of various species. The innermost area is meant for gods, monks and worshippers. Tirthankara Mahavira is shown seated in the centre of the...
Posted: 13.07.2010
 
Nandishvaradvipa combined with Shri Namaskara Mahamantra and Sarvatobhadra view full size The island of Nandishvaradvipa is an island of delight for the gods with gardens of various designs. Gods celebrate the birth of the Tirthankaras on this island. Its composition and placement of various shrines are described in detail in the treatises on Jaina cosmology. 108 eternal statues of the Tirthankaras adorn the...
Posted: 11.07.2010
 
Surimantra Pata view full size Surimantra is generally worshipped by monks who aim at attaining the spiritual heights of Gautamaswami, who was one of the main disciples of Tirthankara Mahavira. There is a big lotus mandala encircling 24 Tirthankaras. On top of this circle is the sacred syllable "Hrim". Just below that panel are 16 petals containing different mantras. The second circular panel depicts images of...
Posted: 10.07.2010
 
Brihad Siddha Chakra view full size The Siddhachakra is one of the most popular yantras depicted here as a full-blown lotus inside two concentric circles, consisting of over a hundred petals. The five great supreme beings namely the Arhat, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyaya and Sadhu all are helpful in our voyage to self-discovery illustrated in the centre. The Arhat occupies the centre. The other four petals contain...
Posted: 09.07.2010
 
Brihad Surimantra Pata view full size Surimantra is also known as Mantraraja (the King of Mantras). The Surimantra and its pata are given to the mendicant (Sadhu) at time of his promotion to the level of Suri (leader of Mendicants), by his guru. Surimantra pata is based on the Pancha Namokara Mahamantra consisting of paying homage to the five great supreme beings namely Arhats (Tirthankara), Siddha (liberated...
Posted: 08.07.2010
 
Bhaktamara Mahayantra view full size There are very few Jain homes without the Bhaktamara stotra book. Bhaktamara stotra provides protection from fright-worldly and/or spiritual - to the devotees. It consists of 44/48 verses for different purposes. Generally these are in diagrammatic form. The prayer is addressed to Rishabhadeva, the first Tirthankara, who is inscribed in the centre of the yantra. Two other...
Posted: 07.07.2010
 
Rishimandala Yantra view full size The centre of a lotus has a beautiful composition of the sacred syllable hrim in which small images of 24 Tirthankaras are arranged. All the concentric circles beyond the lotus have various mantras and salutations written on it. The area outside the yantra is replete with figures all of which are identified by inscriptions. It incorporates almost all the important figures and...
Posted: 06.07.2010
 
Siddhachakra Mahayantra view full size The Siddhachakra Yantra is one of the most important and popular Jain yantras (mystical diagrams). The central lotus has symbolically encircled five supreme beings namely Arihant (Tirthankara) in the centre and Siddha (the liberated souls), Acharya (Mendicant leader), Upadhyaya (Mendicant preceptor) and Sadhu (Mendicant) as well as Samyak-jnana (right knowledge),...
Posted: 05.07.2010
 
Uvasaggahara Mahayantra view full size This yantra is a visual counterpart of the Uvasaggahara Sutra (praise) usually reeited as a part of Morning prayer by Jains. This sutra is an invocation of Parshvanatha for troubles in daily life, though the ultimate aim is to attain enlightenment. In this painting, Tirthankara Parshvanatha is in Meditation posture with white aura (clear white circle). There is a series of...
Posted: 02.07.2010
 
Pata of Sahasraphana Parshvanatha view full size This cloth painting depicts Tirthankara Parshvanatha with Yaksha Dharnendra and Yakshini Padmavati, attendants of a Tirthankara Yaksha and Yakshini (a pair of male and female deities) who are standing under canopy of a thousand snake-hoods (Sahasraphana). An intricate circular composition of interring snakes forming knots is created in this painting. This...
Posted: 01.07.2010
 
Surimantra Pata view full size Surimantra also known as Pancha Namaskara Mahamantra is generally worshipped by monks who aim at attaining the spiritual heights of Gautamaswami one of the main disciples of Lord Mahavira. Therefore Gautamaswami occupies the central position in the whole mandala. It is a big lotus mandala encircled by a panel of 24 Tirthankaras. On top of this circle is the sacred syllable HRIM...
Posted: 30.06.2010
 
Rishimandala Pata view full size This painting illustrates the central part of Rishimandala. A sacred syllable - Hrim - is superimposed on the images of 24 Tirthankaras. All these Tirthankaras are identified by their symbols in the front part of their seat. Top left corner of this painting has image of multi-armed goddess Vaishnavi, with eagle (Garuda) in the front part. Image of goddess Padmavati is in the...
Posted: 29.06.2010
 
Panchtirthi Pata of Rishabhanatha view full size This pata has a design of a lotus-mandala with Rishabhanatha, also called Adinatha, seated on it. Four other Tirthankaras: Shantinatha, Parshvanatha, Neminatha and Mahavira are on separate petals in four directions. All these Tirthankaras are identified by their symbols (Lanchhanas). On other four separate petals are: Ambika, Sarasvati, Ganesha and an Acharya (a...
Posted: 28.06.2010
 
Temple Complex of Shatrunjaya Tirth view full size This temple complex is situated on hills in Palitana, in Gujarat State. It is one of the five most important pilgrimage places of Jains. This painting shows assemblage of temples on the Mount of Shatrunjaya. There are 65 temples and 300 small shrines on this mountain. The main temple at the Summit has Rishabhanatha, the first Tirthankar in meditation (sitting)...
Posted: 28.06.2010
 
Shree Sammet Shikhara Tirth view full size Shree Sammet Shikhar or Shikharji is one of the most important pilgrimage places of the Jains. Twenty Tirthankaras attained their Moksha (Liberation) here. There are small shrines containing footprint images (padukas) of Tirthankars. These shrines (Tonk) are named after each Tirthankar. Nineteen of such shrines are along the path to the temple on the summit. This...
Posted: 27.06.2010
 
Chandraprabhasvami in Meditation Posture view full size Jains worship Tirthankaras not as gods but as Enlightened beings. Tirthankaras are usually illustrated in meditation posture, either standing or sitting. In this painting, Chandraprabhasvami, 8th Tirthankara is in meditation posture. A large number of paintings of Tirthankaras are available in stone, metal etc. Tirthankara-worship is an important aspect of...
Posted: 27.06.2010
 
Worship, Prayer And Meditation Jainism emphasizes upon the ways of liberating oneself from unhappiness caused by one's karmas. It consists of worship of Tirthankaras, study of scriptures, visit to pilgrimage places. These commemorate the presence of Tirthankaras and other liberated beings for inspiration to devotees. Reciting prayers in the form of sutras, mantras and meditating upon the yantras (visualized...
Posted: 27.06.2010
 
Stellar Positions in the Universe view full size This painting depicts the course of the constellations (Nakshatras) in the celestial sphere. The ecliptic area within which the constellations are placed is a visualization of human figure. The Sun and Moon are on either side of the face of the cosmic figure, appearing like his earrings. Twenty-seven constellations identifiable by their shapes are painted in the...
Posted: 26.06.2010
 
Gyanbazi - Game of Snakes and Ladders view full size Game of Snakes and Ladders is played in almost every country of the World. It also helps to teach some aspects of a religion. Hence there are many versions of this game depending on various religions. This pata is a fine example of Jain version. The checkered board is divided into eighty-four numbered squares. Each square represents a human quality. The...
Posted: 25.06.2010
 
Leshya - Karmic Colour view full size Leshya (karmic colour) is particular colour that a soul takes on, which shows its spiritual level. There are six leshyas: Black, blue, grey, yellow, lotus pink and white. They are illustrated by a story of six hungry men and their behaviour. The darkest one cuts the very root of the tree, blue cuts main branches. Grey cuts small branches, yellow cuts branches that hold...
Posted: 24.06.2010
 
Adhaidvipa ("two and a half continent") with detailed image of Jambudvipa view full size In Jain cosmography, the innermost island-continent in the Middle realm (Madya-loka) is Jambudvipa. It is named after the rose-apple tree (jambu) located atop Mount Meru. This painting shows a close-up image of Jambudvipa. This dvipa comprises of seven continents separated by six Mountain ranges. Out of this seven...
Posted: 23.06.2010
 
Adhai-dvipa, 'Two and a half continents' view full size According to Jain cosmography, Adhai-dvipa occupies the world of men (manusya-loka). It comprises of Jambudvipa ("Island of the Rose apple tree") in the center, which is surrounded by Lavana-samudra ("Salt ocean"). The next continent is called Dhataki-khanda which is surrounded by an ocean named Kalodadhi ("Blackwater ocean"). Surrounding all these is...
Posted: 22.06.2010
 
text only You and the Universe Attachment and hatred are the causes of karma... Karma is the root of birth and death. Wise men say that the cycle of birth and death is the cause of unhappiness. (UTTARADHYAYANA SUTRA) According to Jain cosmology, these paintings illustrate the entire network of life cycles in various regions of the universe, which is a direct result of one's karma -actions of body, speech and...
Posted: 22.06.2010
 
Lokapurusha, the Cosmic Being view full size The purpose of this painting is to help people easily understand the result of their karmas. The torso represents the upper realm (Urdhva-loka) comprising of seven main regions where higher and lower category gods dwell. The middle realm (Madhya-loka) though small, is the most important of the three realms. Tirthankaras are born in this loka to guide human beings and...
Posted: 21.06.2010
 
Wedding Procession of Neminatha [2] view full size The Wedding procession of Neminatha is illustrated in a more subtle style in this painting. This painting is divided into two panels. The upper panel depicts Prince Nemikumara approaching the palace of Princess Rajimati. In the lower panel, Nemikumara is seen returning without getting married as he realised that if he were the cause of this killings' violence...
Posted: 20.06.2010
 
Wedding Procession of Neminatha view full size The painting beautifully illustrates an episode of Neminatha, the 22nd Tirthankara. While on the way to his marriage, Nemikumara saw many innocent animals penned up in enclosures. Upon learning that they were to be slaughtered for his wedding feast, Nemikumar returned from his wedding procession. The foreground of the painting shows enclosure with screaming...
Posted: 19.06.2010
 
Samavasarana of Aranatha, 18th Tirthankara view full size This painting shows an elaborate depiction of the celestial assembly hall. An auspicious design of Nandyavarta is in the front part of Tirthankara's throne. This identifies the Tirthankara as Aranatha, 18th Tirthankara. Each Tirthankara attains enlightenment under a particular tree, which is associated with that Tirthankara. In this painting, Tirthankara...
Posted: 18.06.2010
 
Samavasarana of Mahavira, 24th Tirthankara view full size Samavasarana of Mahavira is a circular structure, created by Indra. There is a three-tiered dais with four gates. Mahavira had attained enlightenment under Ashoka tree hence there is the sacred Ashoka tree in the centre of samavasarana. The symbol (lanchhana) of Mahavira is a lion. It is shown in the front part of the throne on the first tier. Near...
Posted: 17.06.2010
 
Samavasarana - Celestial Assembly of the Tirthankar view full size Indra creates celestial assembly hall soon after Tirthankara attains omniscience (Kevala-jnana). In the centre of this circular structure, there is a three-tiered dais with a jewelled throne where Tirthankara sits. All types of living beings, monks & nuns, male & female devotees, birds & animals gather here to listen to Tirthankar's preachings...
Posted: 17.06.2010
 
text only 10 Thus Spoke Mahavira The Arhats of the past, those of the present and the future affirm thus: One should not injure, subjugate, enslave, torture or kill any animal, living being, organism or sentient being. This doctrine of Non-Violence (Ahimsa) is immaculate, immutable and eternal." (ACHARANGA SUTRA, CH. 4) Only that science is the great and the best of all sciences, the study of which frees...
Posted: 16.06.2010
 
Ecstatic Dance of Indra view full size The birth of a Tirthankara is one of the most auspicious events. It is celebrated by humans and by divine beings (devas). Indra (king of devas) is in ecstasy. He dances with his multiple hands holding lotus flowers and fruits as offerings to the Tirthankara. Lotuses are given to the enlightened ones as symbol of absolute purity. Celestial musicians and dancing girls...
Posted: 15.06.2010
 
Ablution of Tirthankara view full size The painting illustrates a Tirthankara sitting in meditation posture on a lotus pedestal and two devotees are performing his ablution (abhiseka). The Siddhasila, the region of the emancipated souls (Siddhas) is at the summit of the universe. The painting shows male devotees performing birth - ablutions of Mahavira. At the back of male devotees are female devotees carrying...
Posted: 14.06.2010
 
Mahavira's Renunciation and Enlightenment view full size The painting illustrates two important phenomena - viz. renunciation and attainment of enlightenment or omniscience (kevala-jnana) - of the life of Mahavira. Illustration on the top shows Mahavira giving away, renouncing his possessions. He is in a procession from his palace to the outskirts of the town. Then he discarded his last clothing, pulled out his...
Posted: 13.06.2010
 
Birth Ablution (Abhiseka) of Tirthankara view full size Five moments in the life of a Tirthankara are of paramount importance. They are conception (garbha), birth (janma), renunciation (vairagya), enlightenment or omniscience (kevala-jnana) and liberation (moksha or nirvana). First three of these five are illustrated in this painting. The panel on the left shows the dream of Tirthankara's mother, conveying...
Posted: 12.06.2010
 
Twenty Four Tirthankaras view full size A Tirthankara, maker of a ford (tirth), is a human being who has attained omniscience (kevala-jnana) and who teaches others the path to liberation (moksha-marga.) This painting illustrates all the twenty-four Tirthankaras in two concentric circles, with Rishabhadeva, the first Tirthankara, in the centre. All these Tirthankaras are identified by their symbols (insignia)...
Posted: 11.06.2010
 
The Slideshow will be complete when all paitings are published: Slideshow
Posted: 10.06.2010
 
Exhibition of Jain Miniature Paintings Art Of Enlightenment @ 5th Parliament Of The World's Religions Melbourne Australia 2009 The exhibition was presented by numbered tables (##) 01 Replicas from the original miniature paintings in museums and other collections and specially commissioned to tradition of miniature paintings Organized by: Ratna Nidhi Charitable Trust Mumbai India 02 Art Of Enlightenment Jainism...

Range -