Scientific Vision Of Lord Mahāvīra ► [03] Space and Time in the Bh.S ► The Units Of Numerable Time

Posted: 29.06.2009

The Bh.S[102] and the other canons[103] mention the conventional measurements of time starting from the smallest to the largest unit of time for the purpose of human activities They are as follows:—

Table No. 3

Minimum self-raised time unit

= 1 samaya

Minimum self-raised innumerable time units

= 1 Āvalikā

Numerable or 44462458/3773 Āvalikās

= 1 pulse beat (inhalationexhalation)

7 Pulse beats

= 1 stoka

7 stokas

= 1 lava

77 Lavas or 3773 inhalations

= 1 muhūrta

30 muhūrtas

= 1 day and night

15 days and nights

= 1 fortnight (pakṣa)

2 fortnights

= 1 month or solar (māsa)

2 months

= 1 season (ṛtu)

3 seasons

= 1 ayana (solstice)

2 ayanas

= 1 year (saṁvatsara)

5 years

= 1 yuga (aeon)

20 yugas

= 1 hundred years or century

10 hundred years

= 1 thousand years or millenium

100 thousand years

= 1 hundred thousand years or 100,000 years

8,400,000 years

= 1 pūrvāṅga

8,400,000 pūrvāṅgas

= 1 pūrva

8,400,000 pūrvās

= 1 truṭitāṅg

8,400,000 truṭitāṅgas

= 1 truṭita

8,400,000 truṭitās

= 1 aṭaṭāṅga

8,400,000 aṭaṭāṅgas

= 1 aṭaṭa

8,400,000 aṭaṭas

= 1 avavāṅga

8,400,000 avavāṅgas

= 1 avava

8,400,000 avavas

= 1 huhukāṅga

8,400,000 huhukāṅgas

= 1 huhuka

8,400,000 huhukas

= 1 utpalāṅga

8,400,000 utpalāṅgas

= 1 utpala

8,400,000 utpalas

= 1 padmāṅga

8,400,000 padmāṅgas

= 1 padma

8,400,000padmas

= 1 nalināṅga

8,400,000 nalināṅgas

= 1 nalina

8,400,000 nalinas

= 1 arthanipurāṅga

8,400,000 arthanipurāṅgas

= 1 arthanipura

8,400,000 arthanipuras

= 1 ayutāṅga

8,400,000 ayutāṅgas

= 1 ayuta

8,400,000 ayutas

= 1 nayutāṅga

8,400,000 nayutāṅgas

= 1 nayuta

8,400,000 nayutas

= 1 prayutāṅga

8,400,000 prayutāṅgas

= 1 prayuta

8,400,000 prayutas

= 1 cūlikāṅga

8,400,000 cūlikāṅgas

= 1 cūlika

8,400,000 cūlikās

= 1 śirṣaprahelikāṅga

8,400,000 śīrṣaprahelikāṅgas

= 1 śīrṣaprahelikā

Innumerable Years

= 1 palyopama

10 crore-crore palyopama

= 1 sāgara

20 crore-crore sāgara

= 1 kālacakra (1 Avasarpiṇi-utsarpiṇi)

Infinite ascending and descending cycle

= 1 pudgalaparāvartana

Footnotes:
[102]
[103]
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