Bertrand Russell

Posted: 26.08.2014
 
One of the most renowned exponents of the modern Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell, was a staunch supporter of realism. His philosophical thoughts are not only based on logic and common sense, but also on modern scientific and mathematical facts. The reason that he has given consideration to mathematics in his philosophy is that mathematics is concerned with objective reality. Russell, on logical basis,...

Hume

Posted: 18.08.2014
 
After George Berkeley, the philosophy of David Hume (1711-1776) gave rise to scepticism which swept away the existence of mind together with that of matter. "We know the mind" said Hume, "only as we know matter by perception, though it may be in this case internal." Never do we perceive any such entity as the mind, we perceive merely separate ideas. The mind is not a substance but an organ that has ideas, it is...

Science and Philosophy

Posted: 09.08.2014
 
Although both science and philosophy have the same aim to achieve, they differ in their approaches. Usually the philosophical approach is based on intuitional power, while the scientific is based on intellectual power. Philosophy generally uses logic as its means, while science uses experimentation. In spite of these differences, sometimes they come very near to each other, even mingle with each other. "The...