5. Theories of Universe With End And Jain Lokāloka

Posted: 25.01.2015
 
The theory which suggests the end of the universe after a certain time has already been discussed. It is based on the 'Second Law of Thermodynamics'. As we have already seen, it propounds that when the universe would reach the condition of maximum entropy, billions of years from now, all the processes of nature will cease. There are six things to be noted about this theory. The first is that it asserts that the...

4. Theories of Universe with Beginning and End and Jain Lokāloka

Posted: 24.01.2015
 
There are mainly three schools among the scientists who hold that the universe has beginning and also an end: 1. Abbe Lemaitre's Theory 2. Prof. Martin Ryle's Theory 3. Other Theories We have already discussed in detail about these theories. When we critically examine them, a question may arise whether they believe in the beginning of the very existence of the universe or that of the present status. If the...

First View

Posted: 05.01.2015
 
The scholastics, Kant and the like hold the first view. According to the scholastic philosophers, space is only a subjective reality, as we experience its existence only as soon as we perceive the extension of the physical objects-in the form that they must have something as their support. Hence, space is not an independent entity, but only created by our mind. When we examine this view on the criterion of...

Einsteinian Model

Posted: 06.10.2014
 
Einstein had assumed that the total mass of the matter contained in the universe is finite, and therefore, in the model of the universe suggested by him, the universe was regarded as finite. In this model, the four-dimensional continuum was conceived to be identical with the surface of the sphere. Famous physicist Sir James Jeans has tried to explain the model of Einstein’s universe by the illustration of a...

Plato and Aristotle

Posted: 04.09.2014
 
After the Greek atomists, Plato has thought over the nature of space in his notable work Timeaus. Plato has used the term "Chora" for space. "Chora may be thought of as a substratum which remains when all the attributes of material bodies-weight, colour, etc-are abstracted from them. Moreover, the sensuous objects may be regarded as being actually constituted of Chora." Thus Chora or space is invariably...

Whittaker

Posted: 30.08.2014
 
British scientist Sir Edmund Whittaker is one of the eminent scientists giving prominence to the objective reality. He defines reality thus: "Any factor which is the same for all percipients will be said to belong to reality." This definition clearly shows that in Whittaker's view "objectivity" is an essential property of reality. Again, denying the subjective character of reality, he mentions: "Although the...

A Comparative Study

Posted: 12.08.2014
 
The meaning of the word 'philosophy' according to the earliest philosophers of the West, the Greeks, who came before Socrates, was chiefly 'the study of the external world. Now in modern terminology, most of the study of external world is called 'science.' Thus, it can be seen that there is a close resemblance between the meanings of the words 'philosophy' and 'science.' The above discussion clearly shows that...

Research in Jain Astronomy & Jain Mathematics

Posted: 06.08.2014
 
I have made discussion about Jain Astronomy and Jain Mathematics only with respect to the issues connected with the problems of shape and size of the universe and the numerological facts related with them. As a matter of fact, the doctrines of the Jain philosophy which are related with the astronomical description require separate studies and research in the light of modern scientific concepts. Only a few...