Kāla

Posted: 31.10.2016

  1. Time- One of the six fundamental Dravyas (substances);

the substance which is (an auxiliary) cause of Vartanā (time-dependent existence), Pariṇāma (1) (to undergo transformation from one state to another one), Kriyā (1) (motion), paratva (priority) and aparatva (posteriority).

vartanā pariṇāmaḥ kriyā paratvāparatve ca kālasya.

(TaSū 5.22)

kālo'nastikāyaḥ, tasya pradeśapracayābhāvaāt.

(Dhava Pu 9 p. 168)

  1. A kind of Jñānācāra (conduct qua knowledge);

a particular Āgama (canonical work) should be studied only at that time which is prescribed for its study.

yo yasyāṅgapraviṣṭādeḥ śrutasya kāla uktastasya tasminneva svādhyāyaḥ kāryo nanyadā pratyavāyasambhavāt.

(PrasāVṛ Pa 63,64)

  1. A kind of Mahānidhi (encyclopaedean treatise);

the treatise which deals exhaustively with the topics such as the auspicious and unsuspicious times craft, the science of agriculture and the like.

kāle kālaṇṇāṇaṃ, bhavvapurāṇaṃ ca tīsu vāsesu.

sippasataṃ kammāṇi ya, tiṇṇi payāe hiyakarāiṃ.

(Sthā 9.22.7)

  1. One of the fifteen types of Paramādhārmika Deva (a type of Asurakumāra Deva (a kind of Mansion-dwelling god) who inflict pain to the infernal beings);

those Asura Devas (demons), who fry the infernal beings in a small vessel, suṇṭhikā, oven, pracanḍaka, earthen cooking vessel, big boiling pan etc...

mīrāsu śuṃṭhaesu ya, kaṃḍūsu ya payaṇagesu ya payaṃti.

kuṃbhīsu ya lohīsu ya, payaṃti kālā tu neraiyā...

(SūtraNi 74)

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