Jain Legend : Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (3) ► Editorial

Posted: 30.05.2016

Jain Legend is the verbatim English translation of series of four volumes Jain Dharma kā Maulika Itihāsa (abridged) in Hindi edited by Sh. Gajsingh Rathod. The original voluminous Jain Dharma kā Maulika Itihāsa was authored by venerable Ācāryaśrī Hastīmala Jī M.S., the foremost ācārya of Sthanakavasi tradition of Jain congregation.

We have been extremely careful in maintaining the content of Jain Dharma kā Maulika Itihāsa (abridged) as it is without any changes / or adding comments by us so as to retain the authentic writings of Ācāryaśrī Hastīmala Jī M.S. Thus the English translation carries his scholarship and research over an extended period of over twenty years.

In this English edition, we have tried to keep some of the definitive terms of Jainism as they are and give their English equivalent (as much representative as possible) on the first occurrence and also listed at the end of this note. To appreciate their understanding and pronunciation, we have used diacritical marks for legendary names of persons / texts / places and the definitive Jain terms e.g. aṃga meaning the limb or part and commonly written as anga, etc.

We express my thanks to following translators and other support staff members for their contribution to bring out Jain Legend


Dr.(Ms.)Uma Maheshwari

Translation Volume I


Mrs. Prasanna Kumari

Translation Volume II & IV


Dr. Shugan C. Jain

Translation Volume III


Mrs. Niti Jain

Diacritical marks editing


Ms. Chanchal Jain

Word Processing, Composing


Mr. Sushil Jana

Word Processing, Composing

We request you, the august reader of this series Jain Legend, to please bring out any errors (spelling and the texts) and suggestions for improvement in language and choice of words to our notice for improving the next edition of this book.

Given below are the abbreviation, diacritical marks and some Jain definitive terms used in the books to enable the reader understand and enjoy the content and comprehend the same better.

Diacritical marks used




like in dark



'ee' or 'ii'

like in steel



'uu' or 'oo'

like in school or you




like in Shine



like in band



like in hand

'ka vuq Lokj'


Short n, nasal



like in tea



like in shut



like in Rishi




like in Vigyan




like in kshama

'% folxZ'



Jain definitive words used frequently

Ācārya - Preceptor monk and leader / head of a Jain congregation / group

Āgama - Scripture

Avasarpiṇi - Half time cycle in which the happiness keeps on decreasing; the other half, Utsarpini has happiness increasing

Bhaṭṭāraka - Administrator monk; Yati and Śrīpujya are other words used by Svetambara Jains.

Caityavāsī - Temple dweller

Caitya - A place / thing having venerable sign / representation, e.g. footprint, name, idol, photo, auspicious sign like flag etc. generally a holy emblem / place.

Dwādasāṃgi - Twelve limbs of the scriptures bead on Lord Mahavira's sermons and composed by his chief disciples (Gaṇadharas)

Ekādaśāṃgī - Eleven limbs of above accept the 12th called Dṛṣtīvāda (very voluminous and comprehensive).

Gaṇa - Group. A group of monks and sub division of congregation

Gaccha - Sub group. Sub division of Gaṇa.

Kevalī - Omniscient

Kalyāṇaka - Auspicious event in the life of a ford maker (five in number namely conception, birth, renunciation / initiation, omniscience and liberation)

Lokāntika deva - A type of celestial beings who will attain liberation after one more birth, i.e. whose worldly existence is almost at the end

Mokṣa - Salvation / liberation; Pure soul without any material karmas and body

Nirvāṇa - Liberation / salvation; Attainment of bliss

Pūrvas - Fourteen in numbers; Canons prior to Lord Mahavira; Contained in the 12th limb as well.

Śrāvaka - Votary (male); Believer and practitioner of Jain ethical-spiritual code; Householder / laity are other synonyms used.

Śrāvika - Votary (female); Similar as votary

Saṃgha - Congregation

Samavaśaraṇa - Religious congregation / assembly of a ford maker

Tīrthaṃkara - Ford maker, Rejuvenator of the Jain creed 24 in present time cycle' Mahāvīra is the 24th Tīrthaṃkara.

Upādhyāya - Holy teacher, Monk, teaches scriptures to fellow monks.

Varṣa - Year /Annual

Samyakjňāna Pracāraka Maṇḍala
Email: pss@lawindia.com

Shugan C. Jain, Ph.D
International School for Jain Studies

Date: January 18th 2011 (Birth centenary of Ācāryaśrī Hastimala Jī)

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