Published: 06.11.2004
Updated: 06.05.2020
Pudagal, Pudgal

Physical substance, matter, energy

'Pud' means to combine/integrate and 'gala' means to separate/disintegrate.
Hence, the basic meaning of the word pudgala is:

"That which undergoes modifications by integration and disintegration."

In the words of the modern science, we can say that "what is fissionable and fusionable is 'pudgala'."

The 4 types of Pudgala:

  1. Skandha - The impartite portion of a Paramanu
  2. Desa - Imaginary portion of a skandha
  3. Pradesa - an indivisible part, jointed with the skandha
  4. Paramanu - the minutest part, separate from a skandha.

The smallest and minutest form of a Pudgala is a Paramanu, which cannot be cut, pierced, grasped, burnt and divided.

The 4 qualities:

  1. colour
  2. taste
  3. odour
  4. touch

Pudgala dravya: substance


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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Bandha
  2. Bheda
  3. Dravya
  4. Jain Philosophy
  5. Paramanu
  6. Pradesa
  7. Pudgala
  8. Pudgalastikaya
  9. Science
  10. Skandha
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