Mount Meru

Published: 06.05.2011
Updated: 11.04.2017
Alias(es)
Meru
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Mount Meru, (Sanskrit: मेरु; also called Sumeru i.e the "Excellent Meru") is a sacred mountain in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cosmology, and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.

  • As the center of madhya lok.a ("middle earth" i.e. the world where human beings live) it is a common motif of Jaina Painting. Furthermore, many Hindu and Jain temples have been built as symbolic representations of this mountain.
  • It is also the abode of Lord Brahma and the Demi-Gods (Devas).
  • The mountain is said to be 84,000 Yojanas high (which is around 1,082,000 km, or 85 Earths's diameter).

Figure: Painting of Mount Meru from Samghayanarayana loose-leaf manuscript India; ca. 17th century Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper.

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Brahma
  2. Devas
  3. JAINA
  4. Jain Cosmology
  5. Jain Temples
  6. Jaina
  7. Jaina Painting
  8. Madhya Lok
  9. Sanskrit
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