Published: 06.05.2010
Updated: 29.11.2011

Harappa, Punjab, Pakistan

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Harappa (Urdu/Panjabi: ہڑپہ, Hindi: हड़प्पा ɦəɽəpː) is an archaeological site in Punjab, northeast Pakistan, about 20 km (12 mi) west of Sahiwal. The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River, some 5 km (3 mi) southeast of the site.

The site contains the ruins of a Bronze Age fortified city, which was part of the Cemetery H culture and the Indus Valley Civilization, centered in Sindh and the Punjab. The city is believed to have had as many as 23,500 residents—considered large for its time.


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  1. Bronze
  2. Indus Valley Civilization
  3. Punjab
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