Mahmud of Ghazni

Updated: 12.05.2011


Born: 971
Passed away: 1030


Mahmud of Ghazni or Mahmud Ghaznawi (Persian: محمود غزنوی; November 2, 971 - April 30, 1030), also spelled as Mahmood Ghaznawi, (full name: Yamīn al-Dawlah Abd al-Qāṣim Maḥmūd Ibn Sebük Tegīn) was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid dynasty who ruled from 997 until his death in 1030. Mahmud turned the former provincial city of Ghazni into the wealthy capital of an extensive empire which extended from most of today's Iran, Afghanistan as well as Pakistan and regions of North-West India. He was also the first ruler to carry the title Sultan ("authority"), signifying the extent of his power, though preserving the ideological link to the suzerainty of the Caliph. Mahmud was considered the most philandering of all classical rulers, he had 9 wives and close to 56 children with up to 32 women, Buzurg of Shahriyar wrote.


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